Belarus Energy Information
Belarus Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -0.9 %/year
Energy independence: 17.6%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 5.71 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.61%
* at purchasing power parity
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Belarus Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita energy consumption stands at 2.7 toe (2020), including approximately 3 500 kWh of electricity; such consumption levels are around half that of Russia.
After a peak at 30 Mtoe in 2012, total energy consumption declined on average by 2.2%/year to reach 25 Mtoe in 2020. Total energy consumption remains 45% below its level of 1990 (i.e., before the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Belarus Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production is limited; it has remained roughly stable since 2012 at 1.8 Mt. Oil production is located in the Pripyat area in the southeast of the country. All crude oil supplies come from Russia.
The country has two refineries, one in Mozyr (capacity of 240 kb/d) and one in Novopolotsk, operated by Naftan (222 kb/d). Belarus produced 16 Mt of oil products in 2020.
The refining capacity is higher than the domestic needs, making Belarus a net exporter of oil products (around 60% of total production since 2010; 54% in 2020).
Interactive Chart Belarus Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The government is aiming to reach a 9% share of renewables in the energy mix by 2035 (7% in 2020). Electricity generation from renewables is expected to grow 10-fold to 2.6 TWh by 2035.
Interactive Chart Belarus Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its updated NDC (2021), Belarus committed to unconditionally reducing GHG emissions by at least 35% below the 1990 level by 2030, including emissions and removals in Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF). With international support, the country could raise its target to at least 40%.
Since 1994, Belarus's energy-related CO2 emissions have been fluctuating between 55 and 60 Mt (54 Mt in 2020), which is around half their 1990 level.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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