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Belarus Energy Information

Belarus Key Figures

Population: 9.38 million
GDP growth rate: -0.9 %/year
Energy independence: 17.6%

Data of the last year available: 2020
Total consumption/GDP:* 61.5 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 5.71 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.61%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Belarus energy report

Belarus Related News

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Belarus Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Per capita energy consumption stands at 2.7 toe (2020), including approximately 3 500 kWh of electricity; such consumption levels are around half that of Russia.

After a peak at 30 Mtoe in 2012, total energy consumption declined on average by 2.2%/year to reach 25 Mtoe in 2020. Total energy consumption remains 45% below its level of 1990 (i.e., before the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Interactive Chart Belarus Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Belarus energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production is limited; it has remained roughly stable since 2012 at 1.8 Mt. Oil production is located in the Pripyat area in the southeast of the country. All crude oil supplies come from Russia.

The country has two refineries, one in Mozyr (capacity of 240 kb/d) and one in Novopolotsk, operated by Naftan (222 kb/d). Belarus produced 16 Mt of oil products in 2020.

The refining capacity is higher than the domestic needs, making Belarus a net exporter of oil products (around 60% of total production since 2010; 54% in 2020).

Interactive Chart Belarus Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The government is aiming to reach a 9% share of renewables in the energy mix by 2035 (7% in 2020). Electricity generation from renewables is expected to grow 10-fold to 2.6 TWh by 2035.

Interactive Chart Belarus Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

In its updated NDC (2021), Belarus committed to unconditionally reducing GHG emissions by at least 35% below the 1990 level by 2030, including emissions and removals in Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF). With international support, the country could raise its target to at least 40%.

Since 1994, Belarus's energy-related CO2 emissions have been fluctuating between 55 and 60 Mt (54 Mt in 2020), which is around half their 1990 level.

Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)

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