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Thailand Energy Information

Thailand Key Figures

Population: 70.0 million
GDP growth rate: 1.57 %/year
Energy independence: 48.4%

Data of the last year available: 2021
Total consumption/GDP:* 88.6 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.66 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.38%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Thailand energy report

Thailand Related News

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Thailand Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Per capita energy consumption remained at 1.9 toe in 2021 while per capita electricity consumption slightly increased by 2% in 2021 to 2 726 kWh.

Total energy consumption slightly increased in 2021 (1%) to 134 Mtoe, after a drop by 8% in 2020, a progression that is in line with the trend observed over 2013-2019. It increased before at a rapid pace between 2000 and 2013 (almost 5%/year).

Oil covers 40% of the country's needs, natural gas 26%, biomass 18%, and coal and lignite 13%.

Interactive Chart Thailand Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Thailand energy report

Crude Oil Production

The production of liquid hydrocarbons (crude oil and NGL) has been decreasing since 2016 (-23%), after a rapid increase between 2000 and 2016 (6%/year).

The refining capacity of the country amounts to 1.2 mb/d, distributed in 6 main refineries, of which the 3 largest are: PTTGC (280 kb/d), Thai Oil in Sriracha (275 kb/d), IRPC (215 kb/d). The others are ExxonMobil/Esso (177 kb/d) in Sriracha, Map Ta Phut (165 kb/d), and Bangchak Petroleum (120 kb/d).

The country is a large exporter of oil products: between 10 and 13 Mt since 2010 (11.3 Mt in 2021).

Interactive Chart Thailand Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our Asia Refineries Dataset

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The 20-year Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP 2018 - 2037), reviewed in 2020, targets a share of 30% of renewables in the final energy consumption in 2037. The AEDP is in line with the revised PDP 2018 that sets a goal of around 28 GW of renewables by 2037 (36% of total capacity), comprising 15.5 GW of solar, 4.7 GW of biomass, 3.1 of hydropower, 3 GW of wind, and 1.8 GW of solid waste and biogas.

Interactive Chart Thailand Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Learn more about renewables in the Mini grid Africa & Asia markets for village electrification

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

The country submitted its first NDC in 2016, updated it in 2020, and again in November 2022 taking into account the overarching double objectives to reach net zero GHG emissions by 2065-2070 and carbon neutrality (i.e. CO2 emissions only) by 2050. Thus, the second update upgrades its target from a 20 % to a 30% reduction in GHG emissions from a BAU scenario by 2030 and up to 40% subject to international support.

Total CO2 emissions from fuel combustion more than tripled between 1990 and 2013 before plateauing around 260 MtCO2.

Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)

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