Thailand Energy Information
Thailand Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 1.57 %/year
Energy independence: 48.4%
Data of the last year available: 2021
CO2 Emissions: 3.66 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.38%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Thailand energy report
Thailand Related News
View all news, archive your new and create your own daily newsletters only on your topics/countries of interest with Key Energy Intelligence
Thailand Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita energy consumption remained at 1.9 toe in 2021 while per capita electricity consumption slightly increased by 2% in 2021 to 2 726 kWh.
Total energy consumption slightly increased in 2021 (1%) to 134 Mtoe, after a drop by 8% in 2020, a progression that is in line with the trend observed over 2013-2019. It increased before at a rapid pace between 2000 and 2013 (almost 5%/year).
Oil covers 40% of the country's needs, natural gas 26%, biomass 18%, and coal and lignite 13%.
Interactive Chart Thailand Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
The production of liquid hydrocarbons (crude oil and NGL) has been decreasing since 2016 (-23%), after a rapid increase between 2000 and 2016 (6%/year).
The refining capacity of the country amounts to 1.2 mb/d, distributed in 6 main refineries, of which the 3 largest are: PTTGC (280 kb/d), Thai Oil in Sriracha (275 kb/d), IRPC (215 kb/d). The others are ExxonMobil/Esso (177 kb/d) in Sriracha, Map Ta Phut (165 kb/d), and Bangchak Petroleum (120 kb/d).
The country is a large exporter of oil products: between 10 and 13 Mt since 2010 (11.3 Mt in 2021).
Interactive Chart Thailand Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The 20-year Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP 2018 - 2037), reviewed in 2020, targets a share of 30% of renewables in the final energy consumption in 2037. The AEDP is in line with the revised PDP 2018 that sets a goal of around 28 GW of renewables by 2037 (36% of total capacity), comprising 15.5 GW of solar, 4.7 GW of biomass, 3.1 of hydropower, 3 GW of wind, and 1.8 GW of solid waste and biogas.
Interactive Chart Thailand Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data
Learn more about renewables in the Mini grid Africa & Asia markets for village electrification
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
The country submitted its first NDC in 2016, updated it in 2020, and again in November 2022 taking into account the overarching double objectives to reach net zero GHG emissions by 2065-2070 and carbon neutrality (i.e. CO2 emissions only) by 2050. Thus, the second update upgrades its target from a 20 % to a 30% reduction in GHG emissions from a BAU scenario by 2030 and up to 40% subject to international support.
Total CO2 emissions from fuel combustion more than tripled between 1990 and 2013 before plateauing around 260 MtCO2.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
Secured payment by