Thailand Energy Information

2019 Thailand Key Figures

Population: 69.4 million
GDP growth rate: 2.37 %/year
Energy independence: 53.0%

* at purchasing power parity
Total consumption/GDP:* 90.5 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.91 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.43%

Thailand Related News

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Thailand Related Research

Total Energy Consumption

Per capita energy consumption is stable since 2010, at 2.1 toe in 2019; per capita electricity consumption reached 2 800 kWh in 2019.

Total energy consumption increased at a rapid pace between 2000 and 2013 (+4.7%/year), but has noticeably slowed down since 2013 (+1%/year) to 142 Mtoe in 2019.

Oil covers 41% of the country's needs, natural gas 25%, biomass 19%, and coal and lignite 12%.

Interactive Chart Thailand Total Energy Consumption

More research: Thailand energy report

Crude Oil Production

The production of liquid hydrocarbons (crude oil and NGL) has been decreasing slightly since 2016 (-9%). It increased by 6%/year between 2000 and 2016.

The country was a net exporter of oil products until 2019 (net exports of 8 Mt over 2010-2018); in 2019, imports and exports of oil products were largely balanced.

Interactive Chart Thailand Crude Oil Production

More research: Asia Refineries Dataset

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The new draft 20-year Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP 2018 - 2037) was approved by the Cabinet in April 2019 and is being reviewed through a public consultation process. In line with the upcoming AEDP, the PDP 2018 sets a goal of operating around 28 GW of renewables by 2037 (36% of total installed capacity in 2037), compising 15.5 GW of solar, 4.7 GW of biomass, 3.1 of hydropower, 3 GW of wind, and 1.8 GW of solid waste and biogas.

Interactive Chart Thailand Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

The country submitted its first NDC in 2016, which targets a reduction in GHG emissions by 20% compared to the BAU level in 2030 and by 25% subject to technology transfer and financial support.

Total CO2 emissions from fuel combustion more than tripled between 1990 and 2013. Emissions are on the rise again since 2018 after a short stagnation period, reaching 271 MtCO2 in 2019.


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