Nigeria Energy Information
Nigeria Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -3.2 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 0.43 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 15.4%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Nigeria energy report
Nigeria Related News
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Nigeria Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Consumption per capita was 0.8 toe in 2020 (one third higher than the average for Sub-Saharan African). Electricity consumption per capita is relatively low in comparison to neighbouring countries and reached 140 kWh/hab in 2020 (almost three times lower than the average for Sub-Saharan Africa).
Total consumption increased by 3%/year between 2010 and 2018 and has remained relatively stable since then at around 160 Mtoe.
Interactive Chart Nigeria Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Nigeria is the largest oil producer in Africa, with an output of 87 Mt in 2020 (-14% compared to 2019). Previously, oil production had been slowly recovering as from 2017 (+3%/year on average). Output fell by 5%/year between 2010 and 2017, including -14% in 2016, partly due to the attack on oil and gas infrastructure by militants.
The country is promoting the exploitation of fields located in the deep and very deep offshore.
Interactive Chart Nigeria Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption dropped by almost 25% in 2019 and remained stable in 2000. It had increased by 2%/year between 2010 and 2018. Despite a decreasing share, transport is the main consuming sector with 93% of total oil products consumption.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Nigeria Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Since 2009, gas consumption has increased on average by around 7%/year.
The energy sector absorbs three quarters of gas consumption: 45% for power generation and 30% for the oil and gas sector ("others").
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Nigeria Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption is very limited (less than 0.1 Mt in 2020) and is exclusively used in the industry sector.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Nigeria Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Since 2013, electricity consumption has showed much slower growth than before, following the slow-down in economic growth (3%/year compared to around 9%/year between 2000 and 2012).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
The share of the residential sector in electricity consumption has increased at a regular pace since 2000 (from 51% to 59% in 2020), whereas the share of industry has been on a slight downward trend (from 21% to 14% in 2020).
Renewable in % Electricity Production
According to its National Renewable Energy Action Plan (2016), Nigeria targets 29% of its electricity production from renewables by 2030, including large hydro (19% in 2020), with 13.8 GW of capacity.
Interactive Chart Nigeria Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In August 2021, Nigeria unveiled a new update of its First NDC, setting an unconditional GHG emission reduction target of 20% below a BAU scenario by 2030 and a conditional target with international support up to 47% (i.e. a level of 244 MtCO2eq for the conditional target compared to a BAU level of 453 MtCO2eq). In its first NDC (2017), the unconditional target was 20% below a BAU level and 45% with international support.
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