Nigeria energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Nigeria energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Nigeria energy report
August 2020
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
44 (Report only)

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  • The country aims to supply 16% of its electricity consumption from renewables by 2030 and to raise access to electricity from 56% in 2019 to 90% in 2030. It also targets a 60% increase in crude oil production.
  • Oil and gas production is concentrated in the hands of 4 major international companies (ExxonMobil, Shell, Chevron, and Total).
  • Only half of the power capacity is really operational. The country is one of the largest hydrocarbon producers in Africa, but faces substantial supply difficulties due to infrastructure problems and social issues.
  • Fuel prices remain relatively low compared to prices in the region.
  • Cost-orientated electricity was introduced in 2012, but the government failed to increase prices as planned.
  • Households and services are the main drivers of energy consumption. Traditional biomass is by far the largest energy source.
  • By 2025, the government plans to add 25 GW of power and to massively upgrade transmission capacity to meet growing demand.
  • A FID for a seventh LNG train of 8 Mt/year was taken in December 2019.


largest proven gas reserves in the world


crude oil producer in Africa


of global LNG exports


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Federal Ministry of Petroleum Resources (FMPR) supervises the oil and gas sectors through its Department of Petroleum Resources (DPR). The FMPR also oversees the Nigerian Nuclear Regulatory Authority (NNRA).

  • Energy Supply


    Natural gas production increased by 40% between 2010 and 2017 and has remained stable since then at around 45 bcm. It has been multiplied by 3.6 since 2000.

  • Energy Prices


    On average, gasoline and diesel prices reached US$0.40/l and US$0.63/l in 2019. Despite past increases, gasoline and diesel prices remain relatively low compared to neighbouring countries.

  • Energy Consumption

    Consumption per capita was 0.8 toe in 2019. Electricity consumption per capita is relatively low in comparison to neighbouring countries and reached 130 kWh/hab in 2019.

    Total consumption has increased by 3.7%/year since 2016, reaching 168 Mtoe in 2019.

  • Issues & Prospects

    The two main issues for the coming years are, on the one hand, the expansion of the electricity capacity and, on the other hand, to secure the energy supply in terms of safety of operations (action against theft and sabotage) and reliability for the supply of power plants (reduction of shortages).

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Nigeria energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 12: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 14: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 15: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 16: Coal consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Nigeria energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Nigeria energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Nigeria country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Nigeria Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Nigeria energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Nigeria country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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