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Nigeria energy report

Nigeria energy report
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Nigeria energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • Nigeria aims to reduce its GHG emissions by 30 to 47% in 2030 (compared to a BAU trend).
  • The country is targeting universal power access by 2030 and 30% of renewables in its power mix.
  • Oil and gas production is concentrated in the hands of five majors (Shell, TotalEnergies, Chevron, ExxonMobil, and Eni), although their share is decreasing.
  • Shell plans to sell its onshore business in Nigeria.
  • Four companies, including 3 private, account for 60% of power generation.
  • Gas production has remained stable since 2017, while oil production has halved since 2010.
  • A large refinery (650 kb/d) entered production in early 2024.
  • Only one third of the power capacity is effectively available.
  • The price of diesel more than doubled in 2022. Fuel subsidies were removed in June 2023.
  • Subsidies account for around 10% of electricity tariffs. Power subsidies should end in 2024.
  • Electricity consumption per capita is three times lower than the average for Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Biomass accounts for around 3/4 of total energy consumption.
  • Gas consumption is increasing rapidly, driven up by industrial demand.
  • The government forecasts a strong increase in power demand by 2050 (around 7%/year).
  • Several new oil and gas projects are under development, with FID expected in late 2020s.
  • The construction of a seventh LNG train of 8 Mt/year started in 2021.
largest proven gas reserves in the world
crude oil producer in Africa
of global LNG exports
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Federal Ministry of Petroleum Resources (FMPR) is responsible for the oil and gas policy. The FMPR also oversees the Nigerian Nuclear Regulatory Authority (NNRA).

    The Federal Ministry of Power is responsible for power supply.

  • Energy Supply


    Natural gas production declined by 8% in 2022 to 40 bcm. Previously, it remained stable over 2017-2021, after a very rapid increase between 2009 and 2017 (80%). Nigeria is the third largest gas producer in Africa, after Algeria and Egypt.

  • Energy Prices


    After declining by a fifth in 2020 and stability in 2021, the average price of diesel in dollars was multiplied by a factor of 2.5 in 2022, reaching US$1.6/l. The price of gasoline remained stable (US$0.44/l). At purchasing power parity, gasoline prices in Nigeria were between 65 and 70% lower than in Ghana, Ivory Coast, and Senegal in 2022.

  • Energy Consumption

    Consumption per capita was 0.8 toe in 2022 (more than 40% higher than the average for Sub-Saharan Africa). Electricity consumption per capita is relatively low in comparison to neighbouring countries and reached 120 kWh/hab in 2022 (2.8 times lower than the average for Sub-Saharan Africa).

    Since 2012, total consumption has increased at an average of 1.7%/year to 168 Mtoe in 2022.

  • Issues & Prospects

    According to the National Integrated Infrastructure Masterplan (2015), the country needs US$1 000bn to develop its energy sector over the next 30 years, comprising US$600bn for power and US$400bn for oil & gas.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 12: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 14: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 15: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 16: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

The Nigeria energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Nigeria country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Nigeria Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Nigeria energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).