Mozambique Energy Information
2018 Mozambique Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 3.27 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 0.26 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 15.0%
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Total Energy Consumption
Per capita consumption is around 0.35 toe and around 460 kWh of electricity (2018). It is below the regional average.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Total energy consumption has been increasing by 7%/year, on average, since 2000 to 10.7 Mt in 2018. In 2017, biomass supplied 63% of the country's supplies, oil 20%, hydroelectricity 11%, and gas 5%.
Graph: TOTAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE BY ENERGY (2018, %)
Interactive Chart Mozambique Total Energy Consumption
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The National Directorate of New and Renewable Energy is in charge of framing policies to stimulate the use of renewables in the country's energy mix.
The country adopted the Strategy for New and Renewable Energy Development (PNENR) 2011-2025 in 2011, with the aim of developing renewables for electricity generation. The PNENR determined targets for renewables, including a doubling of the hydropower capacity (to over 4 GW) and the elaboration of potential studies for marine and geothermal energy.
Interactive Chart Mozambique Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In 2012, the Government adopted the 2013-2025 National Strategy for Climate Change (ENMC). It aims to reduce vulnerability to climate change and improve the population's living conditions. To achieve the objectives in the short term (2015-2019), the first NCCAMM action plan is being updated. In this Plan adaptation will be included as the National Adaptation Plan (NAP).
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