Mozambique energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Mozambique energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Mozambique energy report
April 2021
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
30 (Report only)

Immediate by e-mail

 790 € 

Price without VAT. Depending on your statute and location, VAT might be applicable. Get in touch with us for more information.

After validation, you will immediately receive 3 files by email (one pdf report and 2 excel files containing the datasets).



  • The objective of the government is to reach an electrification rate of 100% by 2030, up from 33% now, and to double the hydropower capacity by 2025.
  • EDM is responsible for electricity generation, transmission, and distribution.
  • Eni, ExxonMobil, and Anadarko are the concessionaires of the major offshore gas blocks.
  • Mozambique has a very large potential of hydro, coal, and gas resources.
  • Hydro represents 86% of the electricity production.
  • Gasoline and diesel prices are in line with regional averages.
  • Biomass supplies 65% of the country's supply.
  • EDM's Integrated Master Plan expects to add over 10 GW (US$19bn) to the grid by 2043.
  • The country is developing an LNG export capacity with three major projects adding up to 30 Mt/year by 2025.


largest natural gas resources in Africa


electricity production between 2015 and 2019


Share of hydro in power capacity in 2019


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The energy sector is under the responsibility of MIREME, Ministry of Mineral Resources and Energy, which is responsible for the overall policy and institutional and regulatory framework, as well as setting energy targets and strategies.

    The management of forests is the responsibility of the National Directorate of Land and Forestry of the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Safety.

  • Energy Companies


    EDM, Electricidade de Moçambique, is the vertically integrated national power utility (100% State owned).

  • Energy Supply


    Mozambique is one of the two East African countries (with Tanzania) that produce natural gas. Production became significant in 2004 and increased rapidly to around 4.7 bcm in 2018 (+5.5% since 2010). In 2019, production dropped by 10% to 4.2 bcm. Most of the gas produced is exported (over 80%) to South Africa via the Temane-Secunda pipeline.

  • Energy Prices


    In 2020, average electricity tariffs for agriculture and industry were at US$6c/kWh (-8% compared to 2019). Electricity prices for households stood at US$11c/kWh, a 12% increase from 2019 levels.


  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita consumption is around 0.36 toe and around 440 kWh of electricity (2019). It is below the regional average.


    Total energy consumption has been increasing by 2%/year, on average, since 2000 to 11 Mt in 2019.

  • Issues & Prospects


    According to EDM's Integrated Master Plan (2018-2043), the company expects power demand to increase by 6%/year to 35.4 TWh in 2043. To meet this demand, up to US$19bn in investments will be deployed, adding over 10 GW into the grid (6 500 MW of hydropower, 3 200 MW of coal-fired, 1 500 MW of gas-fired, 60 MW of biomass, and 30 MW of wind).

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Mozambique energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Mozambique energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Mozambique energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Mozambique country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Mozambique Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Mozambique energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Mozambique country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Shopping cart

Your shopping cart is empty.

Secured payment by Banque Populaire des Alpes CB VISA MASTERCARD