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Qatar Energy Information

Qatar Key Figures

Population: 2.94 million
GDP growth rate: 1.52 %/year
Energy independence: 100%

Data of the last year available: 2021
Total consumption/GDP:* 93.2 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 32.0 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.97%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Qatar energy report

Qatar Related News

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Qatar Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

The country's total energy consumption per capita is very high at around 17 toe, including 15 480 kWh of electricity (5th highest level for electricity in the world).

Total energy consumption increased by 8% in 2021 to 52 Mtoe after a slow growth between 2013 and 2019 (1%/year). It grew very rapidly between 2000 and 2013 (11%/year).

Total consumption is dominated by gas (80%), followed by oil (20%).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Interactive Chart Qatar Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Qatar energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production has been falling at an average rate of 1.3%/year between a peak in 2014 (80 Mt) and 2020 (74 Mt); it rebounded in 2021 by 2% to its pre-Covid level. It progressed rapidly between 2005 and 2014 (6.3%/year), with the increase in NGL production (around 50% of the production).

Qatar exports around 60% of its oil production (crude and NGL), as well as oil products (23 Mt produced, 16 Mt exported in 2021).

Interactive Chart Qatar Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

Oil consumption increased very rapidly between 2000 and 2015 (11%/year), and then decreased until 2018 due to price adjustments for motor fuels. It has been increasing rapidly since then, pushing consumption up to 9.9 Mt in 2021 (+10% in 2021).

Transport absorbs 46% of consumption, followed by non-energy uses in the petrochemical industry (36%) and energy uses in industry (10%).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Interactive Chart Qatar Refined Oil Products Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Natural gas consumption increased extremely rapidly between 2005 and 2015 (13%/year) and has been fluctuating since then with a 1.6% decrease in 2020 and a slight increase of 0.5% in 2021 (50.7 bcm).

The oil and gas sector consumes 57% of the total, electricity production 24%, and industry 19% (including non-energy uses).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)

Interactive Chart Qatar Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption ramped up very rapidly between 2000 and 2019 (10%/year on average) with the increasing use of air conditioning and the soaring water desalinisation industry. After a slight decline in 2020 (-1.3%), it rebounded by 5.5% in 2021 to 45 TWh.

The residential sector accounts for 47% of that consumption and services and industry follow with 29% and 24%, respectively.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The country strives to meet 20% of its energy demand from renewable sources by 2030. The target of a solar capacity of 1 800 MW in 2020 was not reached,, as the full commissioning of the first 800 MW power plant was only connected to the grid in 2022. QatarEnergy set a target of 5 GW of solar energy by 2030 in its updated Sustainability Strategy.

Interactive Chart Qatar Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

In its updated NDC (2021), Qatar pledged to reduce its GHG emissions in 2030 by 25% relative to a BaU scenario.

QatarEnergy has updated its Sustainability Strategy to reduce GHG emissions by the further deployment of CCS technology: it has set a new objective to capture over 11 MtCO2/year by 2035. These projects will further reduce the carbon intensity of Qatar's LNG facilities by 35%, and of its upstream facilities by 25%.

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