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Qatar Energy Information

2019 Qatar Key Figures

Population: 2.86 million
GDP growth rate: 0.07 %/year
Energy independence: 100%

* at purchasing power parity
Total consumption/GDP:* 86.0 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 32.8 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.00%

Qatar Related News

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Qatar Related Research

Total Energy Consumption

The country's total energy consumption per capita is very high at around 17 toe, including 15 900 kWh of electricity (the 4th highest level of electricity consumption per capita in the world).

The total consumption has been growing more slowly since 2013 (1.5%/year), after very rapid growth between 2000 and 2013 (+10.%/year). It reached 47 Mtoe in 2019. It is distributed between gas (82%) and oil (18%).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Interactive Chart Qatar Total Energy Consumption

More research: Qatar energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production increased up to 2013 (80 Mt) and has been decreasing by around 10% since then (71 Mt in 2019); the growth was mainly explained by the increase in NGL production (around 50% of the production).

Qatar exports about 60% of its oil production (crude and NGL), as well as oil products (22 Mt produced, 15 Mt exported in 2019).

The country has two refineries: Laffan (capacity of 299 kb/d, of which 153 kb/d commissioned in 2009 followed by an expansion of 146 kb/d in 2016) and Umm Said (137 kb/d).

Interactive Chart Qatar Crude Oil Production

More research: EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

Oil consumption has increased very rapidly since 2000 (9.3%/year), pushing consumption up to 8.4 Mt in 2019.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Interactive Chart Qatar Refined Oil Products Production

More research: EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Natural gas consumption increased extremely rapidly between 2005 and 2015 (11%/year) and has decreased slightly since then (44.5 bcm in 2018) due to an increasing share of oil consumption.

The oil and gas sector consumes 52% of the total, electricity production 25%, and industry 23% (including non-energy uses).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Interactive Chart Qatar Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

More research: EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption ramped up very rapidly between 2000 and 2018 (10%/year on average) with the increasing use of air conditioning and the soaring water desalinisation industry. It remains quite stable in 2019 (45.6 TWh).

The residential sector accounts for 45% of that consumption and industry and services follow with 28% and 27%, respectively.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The country strives to meet 20% of its energy demand from renewable sources by 2030. It initially aimed to reach a solar capacity of 1 800 MW by 2020, for an estimated cost between US$10bn and US$20bn. However, this target will not be reached, as the commissioning of the first large-scale solar power plant (350 MW) is only expected for 2021.

Interactive Chart Qatar Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

Although Qatar submitted an Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) in preparation of the COP21 and ratified the Paris agreement in April 2016, no firm commitments were made to reduce its GHG emissions.

CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion have almost quadrupled since 2000, from 24 MtCO2 to 94 MtCO2 in 2019 (+7%/year). Qatar's carbon-intensive economy, combined with a low population density, leads to the highest level of per capita emissions in the world (33.3 t CO2/capita in 2019).

Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)

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