Qatar energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Qatar energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Qatar energy report
November 2020
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
33 (Report only)

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  • The country aims to meet 20% of its energy demand from renewables by 2030.
  • CO2 emissions from fuel combustion have almost quadrupled since 2000.
  • QEWC dominates power generation. Qatargas is the unique LNG producer.
  • Qatar is the first LNG producer in the world.
  • Following the progressive removal of subsidies, the prices of gasoline and diesel are now more than two times higher than in 2013 and electricity prices have almost doubled in industry and are 30% higher for households.
  • Per capita energy consumption is the second highest in the world, more than twice that of other GCC countries.
  • The country expects to raise its LNG capacity by 60% in 2027.
  • Solar plans have been delayed for several years: the first large-scale projects have now reached financial close.


largest LNG producer in the world


of GDP from the hydrocarbon sector


in gas consumption from 2010 to 2019


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    Qatar is a small country located on the north-eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia in the south and by the Persian Gulf and is separated from the island of Bahrain by a strait. Qatar has large natural gas reserves, which have transformed the country into a high-income economy. Qatar is a member of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).

  • Energy Companies


    Qatar Petroleum (QP) is the national company in charge of the development of the oil and gas sector. Upstream to downstream activities are wholly managed by QP and its subsidiaries.

  • Energy Supply


    Oil production increased up to 2013 (80 Mt) and has been decreasing by around 10% since then (71 Mt in 2019); the growth was mainly explained by the increase in NGL production (around 50% of the production).

    Qatar exports about 60% of its oil production (crude and NGL), as well as oil products (22 Mt produced, 15 Mt exported in 2019).

  • Energy Prices


    Oil products were historically strongly subsidized by the government, resulting in very low end-user prices. After a subsidy cut on diesel prices in 2014 and another on gasoline prices in 2016, the government decided to reform fuel subsidies and allow prices to fluctuate on a monthly basis. In 2019, the price of gasoline increased by 22%.

  • Energy Consumption

    The country's total energy consumption per capita is very high at around 17 toe, including 15 900 kWh of electricity (the 4th highest level of electricity consumption per capita in the world).

  • Issues & Prospects


    In 2013, the country announced a US$22bn plan for water and power projects between 2014 and 2022, but this amount was reduced to US$10bn in 2017. These projects will be implemented over the 2018-2022 period under the framework of the second National Strategic Development (2017-2022).

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Qatar energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 12: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 14: Natural gas Consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 15: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Qatar energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Qatar energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Qatar country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Qatar Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Qatar energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Qatar country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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