largest LNG exporter
This analysis includes a comprehensive Qatar energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
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largest LNG exporter
GHG emissions reduction target by 2030
Share of renewables in the energy mix in 2030
Institutions & Energy Policy
Qatar is a small country located on the north-eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia in the south and by the Persian Gulf and is separated from the island of Bahrain by a strait. Qatar has large natural gas reserves, which have transformed the country into a high-income economy. Qatar is a member of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).
Qatar Petroleum is the national company in charge of the development of the oil and gas sector. In 2021, it has changed its name to Qatar Energy (QE), to bring forth its strategy to switch towards energy efficiency and technologies such as CCS. Upstream to downstream activities are wholly managed by QE and its subsidiaries.
Qatar has the world's third largest gas reserves (23 800 bcm at the end of 2020), just behind Russia and Iran. Its oil reserves, which amount to 3.4 Gt, have remained stable since 2012. The gas reserves are concentrated offshore in the North Dome Field, shared with Iran (where it is called South Pars).
Significant subsidy cuts took place in 2017, leading to increases in electricity tariffs, especially for industry: prices were almost 80% higher for industry in 2019 than in 2015 (US$3.6c/kWh) and 30% higher for households compared to 2016 (US$3c/kWh). A new rise for households occurred in 2020 (+18%) and residential prices are 60% higher than in 2016, largely in line with industry.
The country's total energy consumption per capita is very high at around 15 toe, including 15 100 kWh of electricity (5th highest level for electricity in the world).
Issues & Prospects
In 2013, the country announced a US$22bn plan for water and power projects between 2014 and 2022, but this amount was reduced to US$10bn in 2017. These projects will be implemented over the 2018-2022 period under the framework of the second National Strategic Development (2017-2022).
Below is a list of the Qatar energy market report graphs:
In the Qatar energy market report you will find the following tables:
The Qatar energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Qatar country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
The Qatar country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.
Data included in the excelsheet:
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