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- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY COMPANIES
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Qatar energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
- The country aims to meet 20% of its energy demand from renewables and pledged to reduce its GHG emissions by 25% by 2030.
- QEWC dominates power generation with 75% of the capacity. Qatargas is the only LNG producer.
- Qatar is the second LNG producer in the world.
- A solar capacity of 800 MW was commissioned in 2022.
- Subsidies on motor fuels and electricity prices were cut in 2014 and 2017, respectively.
- Electricity prices have remained stable since 2020 and are 60% higher than in 2015.
- The prices of gasoline and diesel increased by around 35% in 2021 and are more than twice as high as in 2013.
- Per capita energy consumption is the second highest in the world, more than twice that of other GCC countries.
- In 2021, total energy consumption increased by 8% and 80% is supplied from gas.
- The North Field Expansion project aims to raise the LNG export capacity by 48 Mt/year.
- The country targets 5 GW of solar power by 2035.
largest LNG exporter
solar energy target by 2035
share of renewables in the energy mix in 2030
Institutions & Energy Policy
Qatar is a small country located on the north-eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia in the south and by the Persian Gulf and is separated from the island of Bahrain by a strait. Qatar has large natural gas reserves, which have transformed the country into a high-income economy. Qatar is a member of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).
Qatar Energy (QE, previously, Qatar Petroleum) is the national company in charge of the development of the oil and gas sector. In 2021, it has changed its name to bring forth its strategy to switch towards energy efficiency and technologies such as CCS. Upstream to downstream activities are wholly managed by QE and its subsidiaries.
Qatar has the world's third largest gas reserves (23 800 bcm at the end of 2021), just behind Russia and Iran. Its oil reserves, which amount to 3.4 Gt, have remained stable since 2012. The gas reserves are concentrated offshore in the North Dome Field, shared with Iran (where it is called South Pars).
Significant subsidy cuts took place in 2017, leading to increases in electricity tariffs, especially for industry: prices were almost 80% higher for industry in 2021 than in 2015 (US$3.6c/kWh) and 60% higher for households compared to 2015 (US$3.6c/kWh). Prices have remained constant for industry since 2017 and increased by 18% in 2020 for the residential sector.
The country's total energy consumption per capita is very high at around 17 toe, including 15 480 kWh of electricity (5th highest level for electricity in the world).
Total energy consumption increased by 8% in 2021 to 52 Mtoe after slow growth between 2013 and 2019 (1%/year). It grew very rapidly between 2000 and 2013 (11%/year).
Issues & Prospects
In 2013, the country announced a US$22bn plan for water and power projects between 2014 and 2022, but this amount was reduced to US$10bn in 2017. These projects will be implemented over the 2018-2022 period under the framework of the second National Strategic Development (2017-2022).
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
- GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
- GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
- GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
- GRAPH 10: Oil consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 11: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
- GRAPH 12: Electricity consumption (TWh)
- GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
- GRAPH 14: Natural gas Consumption (bcm)
- GRAPH 15: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
- Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.
The Qatar energy market data since 1990 and up to
is included in the Excel file accompanying the Qatar country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Qatar Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Qatar energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).
The Qatar country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.
Data included in the excelsheet:
- New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
- Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.