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Croatia Energy Information

Croatia Key Figures

Population: 4.01 million
GDP growth rate: -8.9 %/year
Energy independence: 45.7%

Data of the last year available: 2020
Total consumption/GDP:* 81.8 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.82 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.97%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Croatia energy report

Croatia Related News

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Croatia Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Energy consumption per capita is 2.1 toe, with electricity accounting for nearly 3 900 kWh (2020). These figures are 27% below the EU averages.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Total energy consumption dipped by 4% in 2020 to 8.3 Mtoe. It remained relatively stable between 2017 and 2019 at around 8.7 Mtoe, after a 2.8%/year increase between 2014 and 2017 with the economic recovery. Previously, it declined by an average of 3.1%/year between 2007 and 2014.

Interactive Chart Croatia Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Croatia energy report

Crude Oil Production

Crude oil production is low and stable at 0.8 Mt since 2016, with a 10% drop in 2020 to 0.7 Mt (-5% to 0.6 Mt in 2021, according to preliminary estimates).

Interactive Chart Croatia Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

The consumption of oil products has been declining rapidly (-6.5%/year) since 2017, reaching 2.7 Mt in 2020 (-12% in 2020 alone). It had decreased by 5.8%/year between 2007 and 2014 (-34%) before recovering until 2017 (+3.2%/year).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

The share of transport in oil product consumption rose from 53% in 2010 to around 2/3 in 2020. Conversely, the share of households and services in oil product consumption declined from 15% to 12% in 2020.

Interactive Chart Croatia Refined Oil Products Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Gas consumption has increased rapidly since 2014 (+3.7%/year), reaching 3 bcm in 2020, spurred by the commissioning of the Sisak-3 CCGT power plant in 2015, but fluctuating in accordance with hydropower availability. In 2020, lower hydropower generation contributed to a 23% surge in gas consumption in the power sector and a 4.6% hike in total gas consumption. According to preliminary estimates, it dipped by 6% in 2021 to 2.9 bcm.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Interactive Chart Croatia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Coal consumption halved from 2010 to 2018 and then recovered in 2019 (+17% to 0.7 Mt) in a context of low hydropower availability, before declining again in 2020 (-16% to 0.6 Mt). According to preliminary estimates, coal consumption grew by 27% to 0.7 Mt in 2021. It more than tripled between 1999 and 2004 following the commissioning of the 210 MW Plomin-2 power plant and remained broadly stable at around 1.1 Mt/year until 2016; it fell by 39% in 2017 after a fire at Plomin-1, where operations have been suspended since May 2017.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Interactive Chart Croatia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed consumption trends at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Croatia energy report

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption declined by 6% to 15.6 TWh in 2020. It soared between 2000 and 2008 (+3.9%/year) and declined until 2014 (-1.4%/year), before recovering until 2018 (+2.3%/year) and stabilising in 2019 (16.6 TWh).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The target of the National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP, 2013) for a share of 20% of renewables in the final energy consumption in 2020 was largely exceeded (31% in 2020, including 54% for power, 37% for heating and cooling, and 6.6% for transport).

According to the NECP, the share of renewables in the final energy consumption should be raised to 36.4% in 2030 (63.8% for electricity, 36.6% for heating and cooling, and 13.2% in transport). It should reach 53-65% in 2050 (Energy Development Strategy, 2020).

Interactive Chart Croatia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Learn more about renewables in the European Renewable Energy Report

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

Total GHG emissions have ranged between 18 and 20 MtCO2eq since 2014, after falling by 4.8%/year between 2007 and 2014. They dipped by 8% in 2018 (2017 peak) and remained stable at 18.7 MtCO2eq in 2019, i.e., 27% below their 1990 level.

In its NECP, Croatia aims to cut its GHG emissions by 43% in 2030 (compared with 2005 level) in ETS sectors and by 7% in non-ETS sectors. Croatia's Strategy for Low Emissions Development by 2030 with an outlook by 2050 aims to cut GHG emissions by 64-74% in 2050 compared to 1990.

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