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Croatia energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Croatia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Croatia energy report
Update: 
March 2022
Format: 
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
Pages: 
39 (Report only)
Delivery: 

Immediate by e-mail

Price: 
 990 € 

Price without VAT. Depending on your statute and location, VAT might be applicable. Get in touch with us for more information.

After validation, you will immediately receive 4 files by email (one pdf report and 3 excel files containing the datasets).

 

Highlights

  • Croatia exceeded by more than 10 points its renewable target in 2020 and now aims at a share of 36% of renwables in the final consumption in 2030.
  • The state-owned company HEP dominates the electricity market, with around 3/4 of generation and over 80% of sales.
  • INA is the sole oil and gas producer.
  • The power mix is highly dependent on hydropower.
  • Oil production is marginal and gas production is decreasing rapidly.
  • Oil prices are close to the EU average.
  • Residential electricity and gas prices are around 40% lower than the EU average.
  • Energy consumption has been stable over 2017-2019.
  • Renewables cover 25% of the energy consumption.
  • HEP has started to modernise its power generation fleet with up-to-date technologies.

31%

of renewables in final energy consumption in 2020

2/3

of renewables in the power mix (2019)

+3.5%/yr

gas consumption rose over 2014-2019

Abstract

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development oversees the energy policy through the Energy Directorate, along with environment and climate change matters. It replaced the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Energy in July 2020.

  • Energy Companies

    Electricity:

    In 2013, HEP (100% State owned) was split into five entities dealing with electricity generation, transmission, distribution, supply, and trade.

  • Energy Supply

    Gas:

    Gas production fell by 8%/year between its peak level of 2.9 bcm in 2007 and 1 bcm in 2019, due to the depletion of onshore gas fields, and dropped by 17% to 0.8 bcm in 2020. According to preliminary estimates, it dipped by 12% in 2021. MOL started gas production at two of its fields, Vučkovec and Zebanec (Međimurje project) in 2016; a third field, Vukanovec, started production in 2020.

  • Energy Prices

    Gas:

    Gas prices declined between 2012 and 2017 (-14%/year for industry and -6% for households), subsequently growing by 10%/year and 4%/year, respectively, until 2019 and then dropping by 6.6% in 2020 (stable for residential prices). In 2019, the residential gas price was 46% lower than the average EU price, while the industrial gas price was 12% lower.

  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption per capita is 2.1 toe, with electricity accounting for nearly 3 900 kWh (2020). These figures are 27% below the EU averages.

    Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

  • Issues & Prospects

    According to its NECP (National Energy and Climate Plan), primary energy consumption and final energy consumption should decrease by 0.5%/year between 2019 and 2030 to 344 PJ (8.2 Mtoe) and 287 PJ (6.85 Mtoe), respectively.

Table of Contents

  • GENERAL OVERVIEW
  • INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
  • ENERGY COMPANIES
  • ENERGY SUPPLY
  • ENERGY PRICES
  • ENERGY CONSUMPTION
  • ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
  • DATA TABLES
  • ABBREVIATIONS
  • GLOSSARY

Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Croatia energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)

List of Tables

In the Croatia energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Croatia energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Croatia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Croatia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Croatia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Croatia country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.

 

Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Croatia country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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