Croatia energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Croatia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Croatia energy report
February 2021
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
38 (Report only)

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  • Croatia is reviewing its legislation to comply with EU requirements, in particular for the gas market and energy efficiency.
  • The state-owned company HEP dominates the electricity market (around 80% of generation and 90% of retail sales).
  • INA is the sole oil and gas producer in Croatia.
  • The power mix is highly dependent on hydropower.
  • Oil production is marginal and gas production is decreasing rapidly.
  • Oil prices are close to the EU average.
  • Residential electricity and gas prices are around 40% lower than the EU average.
  • Energy consumption has been stable since 2017.
  • Renewables cover 25% of the energy consumption.
  • HEP has started to modernise its power generation fleet with up-to-date technologies.


of renewables in final energy consumption in 2019


of renewables in the power mix (2019)


gas consumption rise since 2014


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development oversees the energy, environment, and climate change policy. It replaced the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Energy in July 2020.

    The Energy Regulation Agency (HERA), created in 2004, regulates the energy sector and controls all prices, except for feed-in tariffs, biofuels and CHP (consulting role).

  • Energy Companies


    In 2013, HEP (100% State owned) was split into five entities dealing with electricity generation, transmission, distribution, supply and trade. The Government is considering selling more than 25% of HEP.

  • Energy Supply


    Crude oil production is low and stable at 0.8 Mt since 2016; according to preliminary statistics, it declined by 11% in 2020. Crude oil imports fell by 11%/year between 2009 (4.1 Mt) and 2014 (2.4 Mt) due to the low utilisation rate of the refineries, but recovered between 2014 and 2018 (+9%/year to 3.3 Mt in 2018).

  • Energy Prices


    Industrial gas prices fell between 2013 and 2017 (-14%/year), subsequently growing by 10%/year until 2019 and then dropping by 6.7% in 2020. Residential prices, which remained stable until 2015, fell by 12%/year until 2017, recovered until 2019 (+3.8%/year), and then stabilised in 2020.

  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption per capita is 2.2 toe, with electricity accounting for nearly 4 100 kWh (2019). These figures are 30% and 27% below the EU averages, respectively.


  • Issues & Prospects

    According to its NECP (National Energy and Climate Plan), primary energy consumption and final energy consumption should decrease by 0.5%/year between 2019 and 2030 to 344 PJ (8.2 Mtoe) and 287 PJ (6.85 Mtoe), respectively.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Croatia energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Croatia energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Croatia energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Croatia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Croatia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Croatia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Croatia country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Croatia country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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