Switzerland Energy Information
Switzerland Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -7.7 %/year
Energy independence: 53.6%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 3.87 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.76%
* at purchasing power parity
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Switzerland Related News
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Switzerland Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Total energy consumption per capita is 2.7 toe (quite similar to the European average in 2020), including 6 400 kWh/cap (20% higher than the European average) (2020).
Total consumption decreased by 5% in 2020 to 23 Mtoe. Previously, it had been increasing slightly (less than 1%/year) over 2017-2019, after decreasing by 4%/year between 2013 and 2016.
In PPP terms, Switzerland has the lowest energy intensity in Europe (behind Ireland and Malta) (2020).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Switzerland Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Of total oil imports, 68% are made directly in the form of refined products (6.3 Mt in 2020) and 32% in the form of crude oil (2.9 Mt), which is processed in the Cressier refinery.
In 2020, 41% of crude oil imports came from Nigeria, 35% from the US, and 12% from Libya. More than half of the refined oil products are imported from Germany (54%).
Interactive Chart Switzerland Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption has been shrinking by 3.6%/year, on average, since 2013 (-8.4% in 2020). The transport sector accounts for 60% of oil products consumption, followed by buildings (28%).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (MT)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Switzerland Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption is deeply influenced by weather conditions since around two thirds of the consumption are used for heating purposes. It has fluctuated around 3.6 bcm since 2010.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Buildings represent 61% of the gas consumption (2020) and industry 32%.
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Switzerland Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption is very low (0.2 Mt) and almost entirely consumed in industry.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Switzerland Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption decreased by 2.6% in 2020 (to 56 TWh). Previously, it had been quite stable since 2010, at around 58 TWh; it rose by an average of 1.3%/year between 2000 and 2010, driven by consumption in buildings.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In 2020, total GHG emissions were 31% below their 1990 levels. The country planned to cut its CO2 emissions from fuel combustion in 2020 by 33% compared to 1990, as stated in the current CO2 ordinance.
In 2020, the country submitted its updated NDC to the UNFCC with the goal to reduce GHG emissions by at least 50% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels (compared to a net 50% reduction pledged previously). In addition, it pledged to reach net zero emissions by 2050 (compared to the previous objective of 70-80% reduction).
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