Switzerland energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Switzerland energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Switzerland energy report
November 2020
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
34 (Report only)

Immediate by e-mail

 990 € 

Price without VAT. Depending on your statute and location, VAT might be applicable. Get in touch with us for more information.

After validation, you will immediately receive 4 files by email (one pdf report and 3 excel files containing the datasets).



  • The country, which aims at achieving carbon neutrality by 2050, will likely miss its 2020 GHG emissions reduction target.
  • The EU Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) and the Swiss ETS were linked in September 2020.
  • The power and gas markets are dominated by publicly owned companies: Axpo, Alpiq, and BKW for power, with about half of total generation, EGO and Gaznat for natural gas, with 60% of the supply.
  • Hydropower is the main energy resource and covers between 55 and 60% of the electricity mix.
  • Switzerland decommissioned its first nuclear reactor at the end of 2019.
  • The price of diesel is higher than for gasoline.
  • The industrial gas price is 80% above the EU average and the highest in Europe.
  • Switzerland has the lowest energy intensity in Europe.
  • Hydro, nuclear, and solar cover around 40% of the energy demand.
  • Oil demand has been falling quickly since 2013.
  • The country is expected to fully commission a 900 MW hydro project in 2021.
  • Switzerland reinforced its central position in Europe through gas pipeline reversal projects across its territory.


in term of lowest energy intensity at PPP in Europe


CO2 tax since its implementation in 2008


share of carbon free sources in power mix


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Swiss energy sector is highly decentralised and comprises three levels of organisation and decision-making: federal, cantonal and municipal. The federal State addresses energy issues at a national level such as carbon taxation, nuclear energy, energy efficiencies standards, oil and gas infrastructures as well as the power transmission grid.

  • Energy Companies


    The electricity sector is highly fragmented, with 900 companies, the vast majority of which are publicly owned (more than 85% of the capital of power utilities is held by the cantons and towns). The three most important vertically integrated companies (Überlandwerke) are Alpiq, Axpo and BKW.

  • Energy Supply


    Switzerland does not produce natural gas. Natural gas imports have fluctuated between 3.2 bcm/year and 3.8 bcm/year since 2005, depending on the weather conditions (+3% in 2019). Imports come from Germany (93%) and Russia (7%). Switzerland has 12 interconnection points.

  • Energy Prices


    Contrary to many other European countries, the price of diesel is higher than the price of gasoline due to a higher excise tax. Both road fuels are exempted from the carbon tax. Taxes account for 54% of the gasoline and 52% of the diesel prices (2019). Prices follow international oil prices.

  • Energy Consumption

    Total energy consumption per capita is 2.8 toe, i.e. 10% below the European average, including 6 700 kWh/cap (22% higher than the European average) (2019).

    After dropping by 4%/year between 2013 and 2016, total consumption increased slightly as of 2017 (less than 1%/year) to 24 Mtoe in 2019.

  • Issues & Prospects

    The Energy Strategy 2050 aims for final average energy consumption per capita to drop by 16% by 2020, 43% by 2035 and by 54% by 2050. The share of electricity in final energy consumption is expected to increase from 25% in 2010 to 39% in 2050, while that of oil should drop from 52% in 2010 to 25% in 2050.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Switzerland energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Switzerland energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Switzerland energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Switzerland country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Switzerland Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Switzerland energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Switzerland country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Switzerland country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

Shopping cart

Your shopping cart is empty.

Secured payment by Banque Populaire des Alpes CB VISA MASTERCARD