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Switzerland energy report

Switzerland energy report
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Switzerland energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The country aims to decrease GHG emissions by 50% in 2030 and to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050.
  • The CO2 tax was increased by 25% in 2022 to €111/tCO2.
  • The power and gas markets are dominated by publicly owned companies: Axpo, Alpiq, and BKW for power, with about half of total generation; EGO and Gaznat for natural gas, with 54% of the supply.
  • Almost all the power generation is carbon free, including 52% from hydro in 2022 and 37% from nuclear.
  • The price of diesel is higher than that of gasoline.
  • Gas prices have doubled since 2021. The industrial gas price is around 70% higher than the EU average and the second highest in Europe behind Sweden.
  • Switzerland has the lowest energy intensity in Europe.
  • Around half of total energy consumption is supplied from non-carbon energy sources.
  • Buildings absorb around half of the final consumption.
  • In order to face power supply constraints, the country is planning up to 1 GW of back-up gas-fired power plants.
lowest energy intensity at PPP in Europe
39 TWh
of additional renewable generation by 2050
share of carbon free electricity in the power mix
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Swiss energy sector is highly decentralised and comprises three levels of organisation and decision-making: federal, cantonal, and municipal. The federal State addresses energy issues at a national level such as carbon taxation, nuclear energy, energy efficiencies standards, oil and gas infrastructures, as well as the power transmission grid.

  • Energy Companies


    The electricity sector is highly fragmented, with 900 companies, the vast majority of which are publicly owned (more than 85% of the capital of power utilities is held by the cantons and towns). The three most important vertically integrated companies (Überlandwerke) are Alpiq, Axpo and BKW.

  • Energy Supply


    Of total oil imports, 2/3 are made directly in the form of refined products (5.8 Mt in 2022) and 1/3 in the form of crude oil (3 Mt).

    In 2022, 34% of crude oil imports came from Nigeria (-5 pp), 32% from the US, and 14% from Kazakhstan (+9 pp). More than 2/3 of the refined oil products are imported from Germany (+9 pp).

  • Energy Prices


    Unlike many other European countries, the price of diesel is higher than the price of gasoline due to a higher excise tax. Both road fuels are exempted from the carbon tax. Taxes account for about half of their prices.

  • Energy Consumption

    Total energy consumption per capita is 2.6 toe (12.5% lower than the European average in 2022), including 6 540 kWh/cap (18% higher than the European average) (2022).

  • Issues & Prospects

    The Energy Strategy 2050 (2017) aims for final average energy consumption per capita to drop by 16% by 2020, 43% by 2035, and by 54% by 2050 (compared to 2000). The 2020 goal has been achieved as the country reached an 18% reduction.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Switzerland energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Switzerland country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Switzerland Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Switzerland energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Switzerland country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.