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- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY COMPANIES
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Switzerland energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
- The country aims to decrease GHG emissions by 50% in 2030 and to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050.
- The CO2 tax has increased by 25% in 2022 to €111/tCO2.
- The power and gas markets are dominated by publicly owned companies: Axpo, Alpiq, and BKW for power, with about half of total generation; EGO and Gaznat for natural gas, with 54% of the supply.
- Almost all the power generation is carbon free, including 61% from hydro and 29% from nuclear.
- The price of diesel is higher than that of gasoline.
- The industrial gas price is around 2.5 times higher than the EU average and the highest in Europe.
- Switzerland has the lowest energy intensity in Europe.
- Around half of total energy consumption is supplied from non-carbon energy sources.
- Buildings absorb around half of the final consumption.
- In order to face power supply constraints, the country is planning up to 1 GW of back-up gas-fired power plants, with a 250 MW unit expected in 2023.
lowest energy intensity at PPP in Europe.
of additional renewable generation by 2050.
share of carbon free electricity in the power mix.
Institutions & Energy Policy
The Swiss energy sector is highly decentralised and comprises three levels of organisation and decision-making: federal, cantonal, and municipal. The federal State addresses energy issues at a national level such as carbon taxation, nuclear energy, energy efficiencies standards, oil, and gas infrastructures as well as the power transmission grid.
The electricity sector is highly fragmented, with 900 companies, the vast majority of which are publicly owned (more than 85% of the capital of power utilities is held by the cantons and towns). The three most important vertically integrated companies (Überlandwerke) are Alpiq, Axpo and BKW.
Of total oil imports, 72% are made directly in the form of refined products (6.1 Mt in 2021) and 28% in the form of crude oil (2.3 Mt), which is processed in the Cressier refinery.
In 2021, 39% of crude oil imports came from Nigeria, 32% from the US, and 25% from Libya (+13 pp). Nearly 60% of the refined oil products are imported from Germany (+7 pp).
Unlike many other European countries, the price of diesel is higher than the price of gasoline due to a higher excise tax. Both road fuels are exempted from the carbon tax. Taxes account for 61% of the gasoline and 60% of the diesel prices as of 2021. Prices follow international oil prices.
Total energy consumption per capita is 2.6 toe (14% lower than the European average in 2021), including 6 680 kWh/cap (17% higher than the European average) (2021).
Issues & Prospects
The Energy Strategy 2050 (2017) aims for final average energy consumption per capita to drop by 16% by 2020, 43% by 2035, and by 54% by 2050 (compared to 2000). The 2020 goal has been achieved as the country reached an 18% reduction.
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
- GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
- GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
- GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
- GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
- GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
- GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
- GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
- GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
- GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
- GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
- Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.
The Switzerland energy market data since 1990 and up to
is included in the Excel file accompanying the Switzerland country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Switzerland Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Switzerland energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).
The Switzerland country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.
Data included in the excelsheet:
- New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
- Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.