Uruguay Energy Information
2019 Uruguay Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 0.22 %/year
Energy independence: 63.3%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 1.83 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 10.7%
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Total Energy Consumption
The average primary energy consumption per capita is 1.5 toe, including around 3 300 kWh/cap (2019).
Uruguay's total consumption increased by 3%/year between 2010 and 2016. It decreased by 2.4% in 2017, recovered in 2018 (+3.3%) and then dropped by 1% in 2019 to 5.2 Mtoe.
Oil represented 40% in 2019. Biomass is the main energy source in total energy consumption (42% in 2019 up from 32% in 2010). Including hydro and wind (17% in 2019), the share of renewables increased from 50% in 2010 to 63% in 2019.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Uruguay Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Most of the oil imports consist of crude oil. The only refinery in the country, Teja, has a capacity of 50 000 bbl/d. In 2019, the volume of crude oil acquired was 12 Mt, recovering average levels since the 0.5 Mt of imports registered in 2017 due to programmed maintenance of the refinery. Oil came mostly from Angola (43%), USA (27%), and Nigeria (25%). Imports of oil products in 2019 are marginal (0.17 Mt of net imports in 2019).
Interactive Chart Uruguay Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
As part of the National Energy Policy 2005-2030, Uruguay aimed to increase the share of renewables in total primary consumption to 50% by 2015 (compared with 35% in 2005), with a specific goal of 1.2 GW of wind. The main target was achieved in 2014 with renewables accounting for 58% of the primary consumption, while 1.2 GW of wind capacity was reached in 2016.
Measures set to promote renewables include a call for RES tenders and a Feed-in Tariff (FiT) scheme for wind.
Foreign investments in renewables are made through the Investment and Export Promotion Agency.
Interactive Chart Uruguay Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In 2017, Uruguay submitted its NDC following the COP21. The target is to achieve an intensity reduction for CO2 energy related emissions of 24% by 2030 (compared to 1990), by means of domestic resources; the target could be raised to 29% with additional means of implementation. The NDC also includes targets for other GHG.
In 2019, Uruguay committed to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. The country also foresees that its emissions will be cut in half (compared to 1990 levels) by 2025 due to a large deployment of RES.
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