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Uruguay energy report

Uruguay energy report
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Uruguay energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The country's energy policy aims to diversify the energy mix, to reduce its reliance on oil and hydroelectricity and to promote energy efficiency.
  • UTE controls around two thirds of the power supply, as well as all transmission and distribution.
  • Ancap is the main oil and gas company.
  • Petrobras fully divested from the gas distribution sector in 2019.
  • The share of wind, biomass, and solar in the power mix increased from 11% in 2010 to 52% in 2021 (85% including hydro).
  • Energy prices are among the highest in Latin America.
  • Biomass is the main energy source, with 43% of total energy consumption in 2021.
  • Industry is the largest energy consumer.
  • Uruguay stated a permanent offer on hydrocarbon exploration blocks.
  • Renovation of the Salto Grande hydro power plants has started.


fossil fuel import dependence


share of renewables in the power mix (2021)


share of renewables in total consumption in 2021

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Industry, Energy and Mines (MIEM), through its National Energy Department (DNE),supervises the energy sector, with the exception of the Salto Grande joint hydroelectric plant between Uruguay and Argentina, which is under the direct management of the Ministry of Foreign Relations.

  • Energy Supply


    In 2008, an important offshore gas reserve was discovered approximately 100 km off Punta del Este. Exploration started in 2010.

  • Energy Prices


    In 2021, natural gas prices are US$7.2c/kWh for industry (+23% compared to 2020) and US$9.3c/kWh for households (+21%).


  • Energy Consumption

    The average primary energy consumption per capita is 1.6 toe, including around 3 300 kWh/cap (2021).

    Total energy consumption increased by 8% in 2021 to 5.6 Mtoe, after a period of stability since 2016. Previously, it increased by 4%/year on average between 2010 and 2016.

  • Issues & Prospects


    The country expects to greatly exploit its gas reserves.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 6: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Uruguay energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Uruguay country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Uruguay Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Uruguay energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Uruguay country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.