Ethiopia Energy Information
Ethiopia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 1.95 %/year
Energy independence: 89.7%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 0.13 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 24.0%
* at purchasing power parity
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Ethiopia Related News
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Ethiopia Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
In 2020, total energy consumption per capita is around 0.4 toe, including 95 kWh of electricity.
Total energy consumption is increasing steadily, albeit at a rate 3 times slower than economic growth (3.23%/year on average over 2010-2019, against 9.5%/year for the GDP). In 2020 consumption growth was only 2%, with a net slowdown of the economic growth (2%).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Ethiopia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Since the closure of the Assab refinery in 1997, the country has imported all its oil requirements (about 5 Mt in 2020).
Interactive Chart Ethiopia Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
Ethiopia plans to develop 25 GW of renewables by 2030 under its 20-year Climate Resilient Green Economy Initiative (CRGE) strategy (2010-2030), of which 22 GW of hydropower, 2 GW of wind, and 1 GW of geothermal.
The MoWIE has been contemplating the possibility of introducing a feed-in tariff system. A draft bill was prepared and submitted to the MoWIE by EEA in 2012, but it has not been passed into law yet due to the lack of private sector participation. The revision process is still in progress.
Interactive Chart Ethiopia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
According to its revised NDC (July 2021), Ethiopia plans to reduce its GHG emissions by 14% in 2030 compared to a BaU scenario. This is equivalent to a reduction of 56 MtCO2eq. The reduction could be increased to 68.8% depending on international support.
The National Forestry Law, voted in 2018, aims to restore degraded lands and forests (22 Mha by 2030). It increases conservation concerns and state responsibility for such protection, as well as the participation of rural communities in the process, and local and sustainable exploitation of the resources.
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