Ethiopia energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Ethiopia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2018 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Ethiopia energy report
February 2020
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
27 (Report only)

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After validation, you will immediately receive 3 files by email (one pdf report and 2 excel files containing the datasets).



  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Electricity (MoWIE) is in charge of the development of energy policies, strategies and programmes outside the oil sector.

    The Ministry of Mines, Petroleum and Natural Gas supervises the mineral and petroleum policies and promotes the country's oil potential.

  • Energy Companies


    In 2013, EEPCO, Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation, the national public electricity company, was unbundled into two separate entities: EEP, Ethiopian Electric Power, for generation and transmission and EEU, Ethiopian Electric Utility, for distribution.

  • Energy Supply


    The country's hydroelectric potential is among the highest in the region: the economically exploitable resources amount to about 160 TWh (2018). Geothermal resources are estimated to amount to roughly 10 GW. Hydrocarbon reserves are limited and are barely used (28 bcm for gas and just 0.49 mbl for oil end of 2018).

  • Energy Prices


    Electricity prices have declined very rapdily since 2010 (by 8.4%/year for househods and 5.5%/year for industry). In 2019, they were US$1.4c/kWh for industrial customers and US$1.2c/kWh for households. They are among the lowest in the world (10 times lower than in Kenya for industry and almost 20 times lower for households).

  • Energy Consumption

    In 2018, total energy consumption per capita is around 0.4 toe, including 99 kWh of electricity.

    Total energy consumption is increasing steadily, albeit at a rate 3.5 times slower than economic growth (3.4%/year on average since 2010, against around 9.5%/year for the GDP).


  • Issues & Prospects


    Ethiopia strives to become an African power hub. Its plan to have a capacity of 17 GW in 2020 in its 25-year Power System Expansion Master Plan of 2016 will be far from being reached with only 5 GW achieved by end 2020. GTP II planned to reach 90% of electricity service coverage (7 million consumers) by 2020 through the extension of distribution lines to around 21 700 km.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Ethiopia energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2018, %)

List of Tables

In the Ethiopia energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Ethiopia energy market data since 1990 and up to 2018 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Ethiopia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Ethiopia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Ethiopia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Ethiopia country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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