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Ethiopia energy report

Ethiopia energy report
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Ethiopia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The National Electrification Program targets 100% electrification in 2025, up from 51% in 2020.
  • The electricity sector is dominated by public companies, while the hydrocarbon sector is managed by foreign companies.
  • The power capacity has increased by 12%/year since 2015. Power production is dominated by hydropower (96%).
  • Gasoline and diesel prices are 45% cheaper than in neighbouring countries.
  • Electricity prices declined until 2018 and are now increasing.
  • Despite rapid growth in electricity consumption (13%/year over 2010-2019), per capita consumption is below 100 kWh.
  • Total energy consumption is mainly supplied with biomass (87%).
  • The country plans to install 14 GW of hydropower by 2030, half of which is already under construction, and to produce and export natural gas from 2022.
share of hydro in the power mix in 2021
of biomass in the energy mix in 2021
Average annual electricity demand growth over 2017-2021
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Water, Irrigation, and Electricity (MoWIE) is in charge of the development of energy policies, strategies, and programmes outside the oil sector.

    The Ministry of Mines and Petroleum supervises the mineral and petroleum policies and promotes the country's oil potential.

  • Energy Companies


    In 2013, EEPCO, Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation, the national public electricity company, was unbundled into two separate entities: EEP, Ethiopian Electric Power, for generation and transmission and EEU, Ethiopian Electric Utility, for distribution.

  • Energy Supply


    Since the closure of the Assab refinery in 1997, the country has imported all its oil requirements (about 4.6 Mt in 2021).

  • Energy Prices


    Electricity prices have been increasing since 2018 as part of EEU's plans to make more attractive investments in power projects; that trend stopped in 2022 when prices declined to US$2.38c/kWh for industrial customers and US$1.53c/kWh for households. They are among the lowest in the world (nearly 6 times lower than in Kenya for industry and almost 11 times lower for households).

  • Energy Consumption

    In 2021, total energy consumption per capita is around 0.39 toe, including 95 kWh of electricity.

    Total energy consumption is increasing steadily, albeit at a rate 3 times slower than economic growth (3.2%/year on average over 2010-2019, against 9.5%/year for the GDP). Since 2019, consumption growth decreased to 2%/year, following the slowdown in economic growth (5.8%/year).

  • Issues & Prospects


    Ethiopia strives to become an African power hub. Its plan to have a capacity of 17 GW in 2020 in its 25-year Power System Expansion Master Plan of 2016 was far from being reached, with only 4.85 GW in 2020.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Ethiopia energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Ethiopia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Ethiopia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Ethiopia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).