Ethiopia energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Ethiopia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Ethiopia energy report
March 2021
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
27 (Report only)

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  • The National Electrification Program targets 100% electrification in 2025, up from below 60% now.
  • The electricity sector is controlled by public companies, while the hydrocarbon sector is managed by foreign companies.
  • Power production is increasing very rapidly (13%/year since 2010) and is dominated by hydropower (95%).
  • Gasoline and diesel prices are around 30-40% cheaper than in neighbouring countries.
  • Electricity prices declined until 2018 and are now increasing.
  • Despite rapid growth, electricity consumption per capita is below 100 kWh.
  • Households and services represent 90% of final consumption.
  • The country plans to install 22 GW of hydropower by 2030, half of which is already under construction, and to produce and export natural gas from 2022.


share of hydro in the power mix in 2019


of biomass in energy consumption in 2019


annual electricity consumption growth since 2010


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Electricity (MoWIE) is in charge of the development of energy policies, strategies, and programmes outside the oil sector.

    The Ministry of Mines and Petroleum supervises the mineral and petroleum policies and promotes the country's oil potential.

  • Energy Companies


    In 2013, EEPCO, Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation, the national public electricity company, was unbundled into two separate entities: EEP, Ethiopian Electric Power, for generation and transmission and EEU, Ethiopian Electric Utility, for distribution.

  • Energy Supply


    The country's hydroelectric potential is among the highest in the region, with an economically exploitable potential of about 160 TWh. Geothermal resources are estimated to amount to roughly 10 GW. Hydrocarbon reserves are limited and are barely used (35 bcm for gas and just 0.49 mbl for oil, end of 2019).

  • Energy Prices


    Electricity prices have been increasing since 2018 as part of EEU's plans to make more attractive investments in power projects; that trend should stop in 2021. Previously, they had declined very rapdily (by 8.8%/year for househods and 5.4%/year for industry from 2010 to 2018). In 2020, they were US$2.4c/kWh for industrial customers and US$1.2c/kWh for households.

  • Energy Consumption

    In 2019, total energy consumption per capita is around 0.4 toe, including 95 kWh of electricity.

    Total energy consumption is increasing steadily, albeit at a rate 3.5 times slower than economic growth (3.3%/year on average since 2010, against around 118%/year for the GDP).


  • Issues & Prospects


    Ethiopia strives to become an African power hub. Its plan to have a capacity of 17 GW in 2020 in its 25-year Power System Expansion Master Plan of 2016 is far from being reached, with only 4.85 GW achieved by end 2020. GTP II planned to reach 90% of electricity service coverage (7 million consumers) by 2020 through the extension of distribution lines to around 21 700 km.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Ethiopia energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Ethiopia energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Ethiopia energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Ethiopia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Ethiopia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Ethiopia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Ethiopia country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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