France Energy Information
2019 France Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 1.50 %/year
Energy independence: 54.2%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 4.64 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.69%
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Total Energy Consumption
Consumption per capita stood at 3.6 toe in 2019 and is 16% above the EU average. Electricity consumption per capita is 20% higher than the EU average due to the high penetration of electric heating (6 600 kWh in 2019).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Total energy consumption has been decreasing by an average of 0.8%/year since its peak levels in 2005 (271 Mtoe), to 243 Mtoe in 2019 (-1.5%).
Interactive Chart France Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Most of the oil consumed in France is imported; 52% in the form of crude oil (49 Mt in 2019) and 48% in the form of refined products (45 Mt in 2019).
France received crude oil from three ports: Donges (near Nantes), Le Havre and Marseille. Six additional import points of refined products are located in Bordeaux, Dunkerque, Frontignan, La Rochelle, Port La Nouvelle, and Strasbourg.
The refining capacity is 1.3 mb/d (end-2019), down from 2 mb/d in 2005. In 2019, the production of refined products amounted to 51 Mt (-28% compared to 2010, 71 Mt).
Interactive Chart France Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption decreased by 1.5%/year, on average, between its peak in 2001 (89 Mt) and 2019, reaching 68 Mt.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
The share of oil is focused on captive uses, namely the transport sector, with a 59% share of oil consumption, up from 50% in 2000.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart France Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas demand increased rapidly until 2005, when it reached 47 bcm. It has been decreasing slightly since then with some fluctuations and was 42 bcm in 2019.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Interactive Chart France Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Consumption has fallen by almost 50% since 2013 as a result of the shutdown of several coal-fired power plants. Coal consumption in the power sector has fallen by more than 90% since 2000. In 2019, the power sector accounted for 18%, down from 53% in 2013.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart France Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
The country's electricity has been fluctuating around 440-450 TWh depending on weather conditions (because of the high penetration of electric heating systems, i.e. around 1/3 of homes). Since 2016, electricity consumption corrected for climate variations had decreased by 0.8%/year.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The country is behind schedule to achieve the target set in the European Directive on renewables for a 23% share of renewables in final consumption in 2020 (16.6% in 2018), especially for electricity (21% in 2018 vs a target of 27%) and heating (21.8% in 2018 vs 33%).
As part of its NECP, France raised its 2030 target for renewables from 32% (under the Energy Transition, 2015) to 33% of the final energy consumption. According to the PPE (2020), this share should reach 35-38% in 2028 (of which 59-61% in 2028 for electricity).
Interactive Chart France Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
According to preliminary figures from Citepa, France's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions declined by 0.9% in 2019. In 2019, GHG emissions were around 19% below 1990 levels, which is still 4.5% above the 2020 National Low Carbon Strategy target (442 MtCO2eq/year). The Energy-Climate Act (2019) has set 2050 as a deadline to achieve domestic carbon neutrality and ensure that the level of GHG emissions is not higher than captured emissions; the last coal-fired power plants will be closed by 2022.
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