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- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
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This analysis includes a comprehensive France energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
- The government supressed its target to lower the share of nuclear in the power mix and launched a new nuclear program.
- The country was the only EU member state to miss its 2020 renewable objective.
- France aims to halve its GHG emissions in 2030 compared to 1990 levels (-25% in 2022).
- The French government took full ownership of EDF in June 2023.
- EDF and Engie remain the dominant players on the power and gas markets.
- TotalEnergies has increased its market share in power and gas distribution.
- Power production declined by 15% in 2022 due to maintenance works in several nuclear plants and France became a net importer of electricity.
- LNG imports were multiplied by 2 in 2022.
- The government limited the rise in energy prices with a mix of tariff caps and tax cuts.
- Gas and electricity prices for industry soared in 2022 by 85% and 22%, respectively.
- Energy prices in France remain lower than the EU average, except for gas in industry.
- Total energy consumption decreased by 9% in 2022 after a 7% rebound in 2021.
- The share of nuclear in the energy mix declined by 6 points in 2022 to 36%.
- Coal consumption has halved since 2013 due to power plant closures.
- Wind and solar capacities are expected to double by 2028.
- Around 1 GW of offshore wind projects should be commissioned in 2023 and several tenders are underway.
- Five interconnection projects totaling 6.5 GW are under development.
Institutions & Energy Policy
The General Directorate for Energy and Climate (DGEC) of the Ministry for the Ecological Transition (MET) is responsible for the development and implementation of France's energy policy.
The Energy Regulation Commission (CRE) regulates the electricity and gas markets.
In 2022, imports of crude oil rebounded by 21% to 41 Mt, due to a rise in the production of refined products, which increased by 16% to 42 Mt. Consequently, imports of refined products declined by 9% to 41 Mt.
Gas prices for industry rose by 30% in 2021 and by 85% in 2022 to €7.93c/kWh GCV, while gas prices for households remained stable in 2021 and rose by 26% in 2022 to €9.79c/kWh GCV. Taxes account for 19% of industrial prices and 34% of residential prices (2021).
Consumption per capita stood at 3.1 toe in 2022 and is around 7% above the EU average. Electricity consumption per capita is 13% higher than the EU average due to the high penetration of electric heating (6 300 kWh in 2022).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Issues & Prospects
According to the revised PPE (2020), total energy consumption of fossil fuels in the reference case is planned to decrease by 35% by 2030, compared to 2012, with a reduction in consumption of 80% for coal, 34% for oil, and 22% for gas. Final energy consumption is planned to shrink by 16.5% in 2028 (relative to 2012).
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2022, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2022, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
- GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
- GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
- GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2022, %)
- GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2022, %)
- GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
- GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
- GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
- GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
- GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
- GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
- Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.
The France energy market data since 1990 and up to
is included in the Excel file accompanying the France country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- France Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the France energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).
The France country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.
Data included in the excelsheet:
- Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
- Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
- CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
- Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
- Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.