United States Energy Information
2019 United States Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 2.33 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 14.9 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.01%
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Total Energy Consumption
Per capita consumption reached 6.7 toe/cap in 2019, which is about 60% higher than the OECD average, including 12 MWh/cap of electricity.
The country's total consumption has remained relatively stable since 2010, it has declined slightly, by 1%, to 2.2 Gtoe, after a 3% rise in 2018. The United States is the 2nd largest energy consumer in the world, since it was overtaken by China in 2009.
Interactive Chart United States Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production (crude and NGL) has increased by an average of 11%/year since 2016, reaching 746 Mt. The United States is the largest oil producer in the world. Oil production is concentrated in onshore Texas, around the Gulf of Mexico, North Dakota, California, and Alaska.
The recent upwards trends are mostly linked to the production of non-conventional oil, which has experienced a significant increase (+60% to 351 Mt in 2019). Non-conventional sources currently account for close to 50% of total oil production.
Interactive Chart United States Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption has been increasing moderately since 2012 (1%/year) to 787 Mt in 2019. It stands significantly below its 2004 level (880 Mt).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Oil products are mainly consumed in the transport sector (72%), followed by industry (18%, including non-energy uses). Oil consumption in the transport sector peaked in 2005 (574 Mt); it has been on the rise again since 2012, increasing by 9% and reaching 546 Mt in 2019.
Interactive Chart United States Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption started increasing at an average rate of 2%/year in 2006 before rising sharply by 14% since 2017, to a record 883 bcm. That increase is largely due to fuel switching from coal because of lower gas prices.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Electricity generation (38%) and buildings (residential-service sectors) (28%) are the main consuming sectors, followed by industry (22%).
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart United States Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal and lignite consumption has been declining sharply since 2008, dropping by 46% (12% in 2019 alone) from 1 021 Mt to 533 Mt in 2019.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
The power sector accounts for most of the coal consumption (92%); the rest of the energy sector and industry consume the remainder.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart United States Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption has been roughly stable since 2010; it declined by 2% in 2019, reaching 3 800 TWh.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
The main consuming sectors are the services and residential sectors (76%), followed by industry (20%).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The objective is for renewables to account for 20% of the power mix in 2020, implying a twofold increase compared to 2012 (18% achieved in 2019).
Interactive Chart United States Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In 2016, the US (representing around 18% of global GHG emissions) formally ratified the Paris agreement on climate change. However, the current administration formally notified the UN of its intention to withdraw from the Paris Agreement in November 2019, which will take effect in November 2020. In 2020, the US Senate Democrats proposed a $US400bn/year climate plan which would cut the country's GHG emissions in half by 2050.
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