United States energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive United States energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

United States energy report
April 2021
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
42 (Report only)

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  • The US has set a new target of a 50-52% reduction in GHG emissions in 2025.
  • Ten large electricity companies own about 30% of the total capacity.
  • In 2018, Chevron topped ExxonMobil as the country's biggest crude and NGL producer.
  • The US is the largest producer of both oil and gas worldwide.
  • Oil production decreased by 3% in 2020 in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, after a substantial decade-long increase driven by non-conventional oil.
  • Renewables reached 20% of the power mix in 2020 and carbon free sources 40%.
  • US energy prices are among the very lowest in the OECD.
  • Total energy consumption was quite stable between 2010 and 2019 and dropped by 8% in 2020.
  • The share of coal in the energy mix has dropped by 10% points since 2010.
  • LNG export capacities are expected to increase by more than 50% by 2026.
  • More than one third of the current coal-fired capacity will be retired by 2025, as well as 20% of the nuclear capacity by 2026.


largest energy consumer in the world after China


reduction in coal consumption since 2008


producer worldwide for both oil and gas


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Department of Energy (DoE) oversees the coordination of all the national activities concerning the production, regulation, management, and conservation of energy. The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy is in charge of developing and promoting energy technologies that contribute to "sustainable" development.

  • Energy Supply


    Natural gas production increased by 83% between 2006 and 2019 (4%/year), of which 24% since 2017; it remained stable in 2020 to 960 bcm. This trend is mainly driven by shale gas production, which went from 60 bcm in 2007 to 736 bcm in 2020 (i.e. around 78% of total production).

  • Energy Prices


    The average prices of electricity were $13.c/kWh for households and $6.7c/kWh for industry in 2020. Residential prices have been increasing slightly since 2011 (around 1.5%/year). Household and industry prices are among the lowest in the OECD (37% and 44% below the OECD average, respectively).

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita consumption is around 6.2 toe/cap (including 12 MWh/cap of electricity) in 2020, which is about 60% higher than the OECD average.

    The country's total consumption remained relatively stable between 2010 and 2019 and then declined by 8% in 2020, to 2046 Mtoe. The United States is the 2nd largest energy consumer in the world, since it was overtaken by China in 2009.

  • Issues & Prospects

    Official EIA long-term forecasts (AEO- Annual Energy Outlook 2021, reference scenario) expect energy consumption to recover from the dip observed as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic by 2030 and to continue increasing by 10% until 2050.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the United States energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)

List of Tables

In the United States energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The United States energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the United States country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • United States Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the United States energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The United States country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The United States country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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