United States energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive United States energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

United States energy report
October 2020
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
43 (Report only)

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  • The US has set a target of 20% of renewables in the electricity mix in 2020 and a 26-28% reduction in GHG emissions in 2025.
  • Ten large electricity companies own about 30% of the total capacity.
  • Chevron topped ExxonMobil since 2018 as the country's biggest crude and NGL producer.
  • The US is the largest producer of both oil and gas worldwide.
  • Oil production is increasing two times faster than gas production thanks to shale oil (by a factor 9 since 2007).
  • In 2019, 24 GW of power capacities were added, mostly wind, solar, and gas-fired.
  • Energy prices are around 40% lower than the OECD average and among the lowest in OECD countries.
  • Total energy consumption has been stable since 2010.
  • The share of coal in the energy mix has dropped by 10% points since 2010.
  • LNG export capacities are expected to increase by more than 50% by 2026.
  • One third of the coal-fired capacity will be retired by 2025, as will 20% of the nuclear capacity by 2035.


largest energy consumer in the world after China


reduction in coal consumption since 2008


producer worldwide for both oil and gas


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Department of Energy (DoE) oversees the coordination of all the national activities concerning the production, regulation, management and conservation of energy. The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy is in charge of developing and promoting energy technologies that contribute to "sustainable" development.

  • Energy Supply


    The United States have substantial energy resources. Oil reserves are estimated at 6.8 Gt (located mainly in 5 states/areas: Texas, North Dakota, Gulf of Mexico, Alaska, and California). Of these reserves, 31% is shale oil. Total gas reserves are estimated at 13 447 bcm (end of 2019), 44% of which is shale gas. Coal reserves are around 221 Gt, with an additional 30 Gt of lignite.

  • Energy Prices


    Average gasoline and diesel prices are very close and are driven by the crude oil price; they averaged around $0.8/l in 2019. They are the lowest among OECD countries (42% and 47% lower than the OECD average for diesel and gasoline, respectively) and have decreased by around 5% in the first half of 2020.

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita consumption reached 6.7 toe/cap in 2019, which is about 60% higher than the OECD average, including 12 MWh/cap of electricity.

  • Issues & Prospects

    Official EIA long-term forecasts (AEO- Annual Energy Outlook 2020) expect energy consumption to remain stable between 2019 and 2030, before increasing by 10% until 2050 in the reference scenario. In most scenarios, energy related CO2 emissions are expected to decline until 2030 before increasing again.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the United States energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the United States energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The United States energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the United States country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • United States Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the United States energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The United States country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The United States country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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