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United States energy report

United States energy report
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This analysis includes a comprehensive United States energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The US targets a 50-52% reduction in GHG emissions in 2030 compared to 2005 levels, carbon-free power generation in 2035, and net-zero GHG emissions in 2050.
  • Ten large electricity companies own about 30% of the total capacity.
  • Chevron is the country's biggest oil producer, ahead of ExxonMobil.
  • The US is the largest producer of both oil and gas worldwide.
  • Oil production recovered in 2023 with a 9% increase
  • Carbon-free sources reached 40% of the power mix in 2023 (+10 points since 2010), of which 22% are renewables.
  • US energy prices are generally around 40-50% below the OECD average.
  • Gasoline and diesel prices decreased by 20% and 10%, respectively, in 2023.
  • Total energy consumption only partly recovered to its pre-Covid level in 2023.
  • Coal consumption has decreased by 62% since its peak in 2007.
  • LNG export capacities are expected to increase by more than 50% by 2026 and LNG export volumes to double by 2050.
  • More than 40% of the coal-fired capacity will be retired by 2030, as well as almost 20% of the nuclear capacity by 2033.
  • Renewables are planned to reach 40% of the power mix in 2030.
producer worldwide for both oil and gas
reduction in coal consumption since 2010
reduction goal in GHG emissions in 2030 compared to 2005
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Department of Energy (DoE) oversees the coordination of all the national activities concerning the production, regulation, management, and conservation of energy. The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy is in charge of developing and promoting energy technologies that contribute to "sustainable" development.

  • Energy Supply


    Natural gas production has increased by 5%/year since 2020, reaching an all-time high value of 1084 bcm in 2023. This progression, which is in line with the pre-covid trend (5%/year between 2005 and 2019), is mainly driven by shale gas production, which went from 53 bcm in 2006 to 823 bcm in 2023 (76% of total gas production).

  • Energy Prices


    Since 2020, the average gas prices for residential customers increased significantly (+14%/year) to US$5.1/kWh. GCV Industrial prices increased sharpy between 2020 and 2022 (50%/year) and decreased by 40% in 2023to US$1.5/kWh GCV.

    US gas prices for households and industry customers are around 34% and 47% lower than the OECD average in 2023.

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita consumption was around 6.5 toe/cap (including 12.1 MWh/cap of electricity) in 2023, which is more than 70% higher than the OECD average.

  • Issues & Prospects

    Official EIA long-term forecasts (AEO- Annual Energy Outlook 2023, reference scenario) expect energy consumption to increase slightly until 2050 (0.2%/year). This is a smaller expectation compared to the last AEO (+0.9%/year) until 2050.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2023, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2023, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2023, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2023, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2023, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2023, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2023, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2023, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

The United States energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the United States country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • United States Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the United States energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The United States country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.