Iran Energy Information
2019 Iran Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -7.6 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 7.68 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 11.5%
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Total Energy Consumption
Per capita energy consumption stands at 3.1 toe (similar to that in the Middle East or the EU average), including about 3 100 kWh in 2019.
Energy consumption grew by 3.5%/year between 2010 and 2018 and then dropped by 5% in 2019 to 258 Mtoe, due to the recession caused by low oil prices and economic sanctions.
Natural gas accounts for almost 75% of total energy consumption (2019). The share of oil in total consumption has halved since 2000, from 56% to 24% in 2019. Hydro represents 2% of the total energy consumption, while the shares of coal and biomass are below 1%.
Interactive Chart Iran Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Because of the new US sanctions, oil production fell by 40% to 137 Mt between 2017 and 2019 (of which 34% in 2019). Previously, it had dropped by 25% between 2010 and 2015 to 161 Mt, because of international sanctions. It increased by 44% from 2015 to 2017 after the lifting of international sanctions in 2016 and reached a peak at 231 Mt, above its 2003-2010 average (around 215 Mt). Iran produces low density crude oil, half of which is sourced from oil fields that are more than 70 years old.
Interactive Chart Iran Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption decreased by 5.2%/year between 2013 and 2016 due to the increase in motor fuel prices and low economic growth. After two years of growth, consumption dropped again to reach 70 Mt in 2019. These variations are the consequences of the lifting (2017) and reimplementation (2018) of sanctions.
Transport is the main consuming sector with a growing share over the last years reaching 55% of the total, well ahead of industry (20% including non-energy uses), buildings (10%), and the power sector (12%).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart Iran Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption is skyrocketing, growing 3.6-fold between 2000 and 2019 (+7%/year on average). It reached 226 bcm in 2019 (62 bcm in 2000).
The building sector (i.e. residential-services sector) is the largest gas consumer with 30% in 2019, closely followed by the power sector and industry (29% each). The share of the power sector has been declining (37% in 2000), despite an almost threefold increase in gas-fired power generation between 2000 and 2019.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Interactive Chart Iran Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption is low, despite a 6.6%/year increase over 2012-2019. It increased to over 2.5 Mt in 2019, with most consumption concentrated in industry (72%).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Iran Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption has been roughly stable since 2017 and increased by 4.5%/year between 2010 and 2017 (4.5%/year); it reached 258 TWh in 2019. Most of the population is electrified (99.5%).
Industry represents 32% of electricity consumption, the residential sector 33%, and services 19%. The remainder (16%) is consumed in the oil and gas sector.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
Before its integration into SATBA, SUNA (Iran Renewable Energy Organization)was the regulatory authority overseeing renewable policy development and renewable project licensing and securing power purchase agreements (PPAs) with renewable power producers.
In the 6th Plan, the country aims to reach 4.5 GW of wind and 0.5 GW of solar capacities by 2021, with an additional 2.5 GW by 2030. The 2021 targets will likely be missed, as installed capacity reached 302 MW for wind and 365 MW for solar at the end of 2019.
Interactive Chart Iran Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Through its 2015 Intended Nationally-Determined Contribution (INDC) to fight climate change, Iran committed to reducing its GHG emissions by 4% (unconditional pledge) and up to 12% (conditional on international financial and technical assistance) by 2030 compared to the level defined in its BAU scenario. The Iranian parliament signed the Paris Agreement in 2016, but has yet to ratify the agreement, citing the additional time needed for careful domestic planning to achieve its emission targets.
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