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- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY COMPANIES
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Iran energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
- The country plans to multiply power exports by a factor of 7 by 2026.
- Iran is the world's 9th largest CO2 emitter.
- The power sector is controlled by state-owned companies Tavanir, TPPH, and WRM.
- Iran has the world's second largest gas reserves, about 40% of which comes from the South Pars field.
- Gas production is increasing rapidly (5%/year since 2010).
- Natural gas dominates the power mix (89%).
- Diesel and gasoline prices are among the lowest in the world despite several adjustments. Electricity prices have increased by 20%/year since 2019 to reduce consumption.
- Electricity consumption has been increasing by 4%/year since 2010.
- Natural gas represents around 70% of the energy consumed.
- Around 20 GW of gas capacity is under construction, 6 GW of which are expected to be commissioned in 2022.
- A 4 GW solar tender has been launched by Satba with expected operations in 2025.
electricity export objective by 2026
share of gas in power mix in 2021
largest gas reserve in the world
Institutions & Energy Policy
The Ministry of Petroleum is responsible for the entire hydrocarbon sector: oil, gas, refining, and petrochemicals. The Ministry of Energy is in charge of the electricity sector and oversees the energy efficiency and renewables policy.
Tavanir (Iran Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution Management Company) is the vertically integrated national electricity company and controls 16 regional electricity companies.
In 2021, oil production recovered its pre-COVID-19 level at 146 Mt, after a 16% drop in 2020. Previously, it had dropped by 4.6%/year between 2010 and 2015 to 161 Mt, because of international sanctions. It increased by 33% in 2016 after the lifting of those sanctions and reached a peak at 220 Mt in 2017, above its 2003-2010 average (around 215 Mt).
Prices are set by the authorities. They are still heavily subsidised and are among the lowest in the world. Electricity prices have been increasing by around 20%/year since 2019 for both households (US$2.4c/kWh in 2021) and industry (US$3.4c/kWh).
Per capita energy consumption stands at 3.2 toe (similar to that in the Middle East or the EU average), including about 3 500 kWh in 2021.
Energy consumption has stabilised since 2018 and stood at 274 Mtoe in 2021. It grew by +3.7%/year between 2010 and 2018.
Issues & Prospects
Iran aims to develop its hydrocarbon resources, particularly its gas exports, which have been slowed due to the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, on top of the renewed US sanctions and increased geopolitical tensions.
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
- GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
- GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
- GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
- GRAPH 10: Oil consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 11: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
- GRAPH 12: Electricity consumption (TWh)
- GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
- GRAPH 14: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
- GRAPH 15: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
- GRAPH 16: Coal consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 17: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
- Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.
The Iran energy market data since 1990 and up to
is included in the Excel file accompanying the Iran country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Iran Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Iran energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).