Iran energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Iran energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Iran energy report
January 2021
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
40 (Report only)

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  • The reactivation of economic sanctions by the USA in 2018 has had a significant impact on the economy and on the energy sector.
  • The power sector is controlled by state-owned companies Tavanir, TPPH, and WRM.
  • Foreign involvement in the oil and gas sector is limited due to international sanctions.
  • Iran has the world's second largest gas reserves, about 40% of which come from the South Pars field.
  • Oil production has fallen by 33% since 2017 due to international sanctions.
  • Around 80% of the electricity is produced from gas.
  • Oil prices were increased by 50% in 2020 to reduce the impact of US sanctions on the budget.
  • Electricity prices are among the lowest in the world.
  • Energy consumption remained stable in 2019.
  • Natural gas represents nearly 75% of the energy consumed.
  • The development of hydrocarbon resources, particularly gas exports, has been slowed down by US sanctions.


oil production between 2017 and 2019


share of gas in power mix


share of natural gas in total energy consumption


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Petroleum is responsible for the entire hydrocarbons sector: oil, gas, refining and petrochemicals. The Ministry of Energy covers the electricity sector and the energy efficiency policy.

  • Energy Companies


    Tavanir, the Iran Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution Management Company, is the vertically integrated national electricity company and controls 16 regional electricity companies.

  • Energy Supply


    Because of the new US sanctions, oil production fell by 33% to 146 Mt between 2017 and 2019 (of which 30% in 2019). This decline continued in 2020, although at a lower rhythm, with a 16% decrease for the first semester. Previously, it had dropped by 25% between 2010 and 2015 to 161 Mt, because of international sanctions.

  • Energy Prices


    Prices are set by the authorities. They are still heavily subsidised and are among the lowest in the world. Electricity prices increased strongly in 2011 in the framework of a five-year programme to reduce subsidies. Prices then decreased in US$ with the high inflation and weaker local currency: US$1.9c/kWh for industry and US$1.4c/kWh for households in 2019.

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita energy consumption stands at 3.2 toe (similar to that in the Middle East or the EU average), including about 3 200 kWh in 2019.

    Energy consumption has been growing more slowly since 2018 due to US sanctions (1.2%/year after 3.1% over 2010-2017) and reached 269 Mtoe in 2019.

  • Issues & Prospects

    Iran's aim to develop its hydrocarbon resources, particularly its gas exports, had been slowed down due to the renewed US sanctions and increased geopolitical tensions.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Iran energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 12: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 14: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 15: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 16: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Iran energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Iran energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Iran country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Iran Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Iran energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Iran country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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