Iran energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Iran energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Iran energy report
February 2022
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
40 (Report only)

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  • The COVID-19 pandemic, on top of economic sanctions, had a very large impact on the economy and on the energy sector.
  • Iran is the world's 9th largest CO2 emitter.
  • The power sector is controlled by state-owned companies Tavanir, TPPH, and WRM.
  • The government sold its shares in the Shazand Refinery in 2021.
  • Iran has the world's second largest gas reserves, about 40% of which comes from the South Pars field.
  • Since 2016, crude oil exports have dropped by almost 80% with US sanctions.
  • Natural gas dominates the power mix (86%).
  • Oil prices increased by about 40% and 70% for gasoline and diesel, respectively, in 2020 to reduce the impact of US sanctions on the budget.
  • Electricity prices were raised by around 35% in 2020 to reduce electricity consumption.
  • Electricity consumption has been increasing by 4%/year since 2010.
  • Natural gas represents 70% of the energy consumed and oil only 28%.
  • A total of 5 GW of coal-fired power plants is planned by 2041 to ensure energy security.
  • The Azadegan oil project aims to produce 320 kb/d by 2023, and reach 600 kb/d in a second phase.


oil production since 2017


of the world's conventional gas reserves in 2021.

5 GW

of coal-fired capacity planned by 2041.


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Petroleum is responsible for the entire hydrocarbon sector: oil, gas, refining, and petrochemicals. The Ministry of Energy is in charge of the electricity sector and oversees the energy efficiency and renewables policy.

  • Energy Companies


    Tavanir (Iran Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution Management Company) is the vertically integrated national electricity company and controls 16 regional electricity companies.

  • Energy Supply


    Gas production is increasing rapidly (+5%/year since 2015) and reached 235 bcm in 2020. It has quadrupled since 2000 (59 bcm). It is primarily intended for the domestic market (over 90% of the total gas production).

  • Energy Prices


    In 2015, gasoline and diesel prices increased significantly as the government started to lift fuel subsidies. As a consequence, diesel prices more than quadrupled that year. In 2020, the government raised gasoline and diesel prices in a context of large budget deficit concerns, reaching US$0.33/l (+38% in US$) and US$0.12/l (+71%), respectively.

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita energy consumption stands at 3.2 toe (similar to that in the Middle East or the EU average), including about 3 300 kWh in 2020.

    Energy consumption has stabilised since 2018 and stood at 272 Mtoe in 2020. It grew by +3.7%/year between 2010 and 2018.

  • Issues & Prospects

    Iran aims to develop its hydrocarbon resources, particularly its gas exports, which have been slowed due to the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, on top of the renewed US sanctions and increased geopolitical tensions.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Iran energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 12: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 14: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 15: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 16: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)

List of Tables

In the Iran energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Iran energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Iran country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Iran Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Iran energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Iran country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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