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Iran energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Iran energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Iran energy report
Update: 
January 2021
Format: 
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
Pages: 
40 (Report only)
Delivery: 

Immediate by e-mail

Price: 
 790 € 

Price without VAT. Depending on your statute and location, VAT might be applicable. Get in touch with us for more information.

After validation, you will immediately receive 3 files by email (one pdf report and 2 excel files containing the datasets).

 

Highlights

  • The reactivation of economic sanctions by the USA in 2018 has had a significant impact on the economy and on the energy sector.
  • The power sector is controlled by state-owned companies Tavanir, TPPH, and WRM.
  • Foreign involvement in the oil and gas sector is limited due to international sanctions.
  • Iran has the world's second largest gas reserves, about 40% of which come from the South Pars field.
  • Oil production has fallen by 33% since 2017 due to international sanctions.
  • Around 80% of the electricity is produced from gas.
  • Oil prices increased by 50% in 2020, to reduce the impact of US sanctions on the budget.
  • Electricity prices are among the lowest in the world.
  • Energy consumption remained stable in 2019.
  • Natural gas represents nearly 75% of the energy consumed.
  • The development of hydrocarbon resources, particularly gas exports, has been slowed down by US sanctions.

-33%

Oil production between 2017 and 2019

79%

Share of gas in power mix

74%

share of natural gas in total energy consumption

Abstract

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Petroleum is responsible for the entire hydrocarbons sector: oil, gas, refining and petrochemicals. The Ministry of Energy covers the electricity sector and the energy efficiency policy.

  • Energy Companies

    Electricity:

    Tavanir, the Iran Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution Management Company, is the vertically integrated national electricity company and controls 16 regional electricity companies.

  • Energy Supply

    Gas:

    Gas production is increasing rapidly (+5.9%/year since 2015) and reached 232 bcm in 2019. It has quadrupled since 2000 (59 bcm). It is primarily intended for the domestic market (over 90% of the total gas production).

  • Energy Prices

    Oil:

    In 2015, gasoline and diesel prices increased significantly as the government started to lift fuel subsidies. As a consequence, diesel prices more than quadrupled during this year. In 2020, the government raised gasoline and diesel prices by 50% in a context of large budget deficit concerns: they reached US$0.36/l and US$0.12/l, respectively.

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita energy consumption stands at 3.2 toe (similar to that in the Middle East or the EU average), including about 3 200 kWh in 2019.

    Energy consumption has been growing more slowly since 2018 with the US sanctions (1.2%/year after 3.1% over 2010-2017) and reached 269 Mtoe in 2019.

  • Issues & Prospects

    Iran's aim to develop its hydrocarbon resources, particularly its gas exports, had been slowed down due to the renewed US sanctions and increased geopolitical tensions.

Table of Contents

  • GENERAL OVERVIEW
  • INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
  • ENERGY COMPANIES
  • ENERGY SUPPLY
  • ENERGY PRICES
  • ENERGY CONSUMPTION
  • ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
  • DATA TABLES
  • ABBREVIATIONS
  • GLOSSARY

Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Iran energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 12: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 14: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 15: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 16: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Iran energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Iran energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Iran country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Iran Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Iran energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Iran country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.

 

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