Iran energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Iran energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Iran energy report
August 2020

2 files (PDF report, Excel file)

41 (Report only)

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  • The reactivation of economic sanctions by the USA in 2018 has had a significant impact on oil exports.
  • The power sector is controlled by state-owned companies Tavanir, TPPH, and WRM.
  • Foreign involvement in the oil and gas sector is limited, due to international economic sanctions.
  • Iran has the world's second largest gas reserves, about 40% of which come from the South Pars field.
  • Oil production fell by 40% since 2017 due to international sanctions.
  • Around 80% of the electricity production is from gas.
  • Energy consumption dropped by 5% in 2019.
  • Natural gas represents nearly 75% of the energy consumed.
  • The development of hydrocarbon resources, particularly gas exports, has been slowed down by US sanctions.


largest gas reserves in the world


oil producer in the world


share of natural gas in total energy consumption


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Petroleum is responsible for the entire hydrocarbons sector: oil, gas, refining and petrochemicals. The Ministry of Energy covers the electricity sector and the energy efficiency policy.

  • Energy Companies


    Tavanir, the Iran Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution Management Company, is the vertically integrated national electricity company and controls 16 regional electricity companies.

  • Energy Supply


    Gas production is increasing rapidly (+7%/year since 2015) and reached 240 bcm in 2019. It has quadrupled since 2000 (59 bcm). It is primarily intended for the domestic market (over 90% of the total gas production). About 30% of the gross production is not marketed: in 2017, 11% was re-injected (for oil production), 6% was flared, and 11% was lost.

  • Energy Prices


    In 2011, gasoline and diesel prices increased significantly as the government started to lift fuel subsidies. A further cut in subsidies in 2014 led to a 75% diesel price increase. In 2015, the government further cut subsidies, leading to an increase in the price of gasoline. In 2019, gasoline and diesel prices reached US$0.24/l and US$0.07/l, respectively.

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita energy consumption stands at 3.1 toe (similar to that in the Middle East or the EU average), including about 3 100 kWh in 2019.

    Energy consumption grew by 3.5%/year between 2010 and 2018 and then dropped by 5% in 2019 to 258 Mtoe, due to the recession caused by low oil prices and economic sanctions.

  • Issues & Prospects

    Iran's aim to develop its hydrocarbon resources, particularly its gas exports, had been slowed down due to the renewed US sanctions and increased geopolitical tensions.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Iran energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 12: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 14: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 15: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 16: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Iran energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Iran energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Iran country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Iran Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Iran energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

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