Hungary Energy Information
2019 Hungary Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 4.93 %/year
Energy independence: 41.5%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 4.91 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.60%
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Total Energy Consumption
Energy consumption per capita is 2.7 toe (13% below the EU average), including 4 200 kWh of electricity (24% below the EU average) (2019).
Total energy consumption has been recovering since 2014 (+2%/year), nearing 26 Mtoe in 2019.
Previously, total energy consumption declined by 10% between 2010 and 2013.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Hungary Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production, which is distributed over 6 production sites, covers around 14% of the country's needs (1.2 Mt in 2019). Russia is the main oil supplier (71% in 2019), followed by Kazakhstan (10%) and Iraq (8%).
The country has one refinery, the Szazhalombatta refinery of MOL, with a capacity of 162 000 bbl/d (8.1 Mt/year), that processed 7.5 Mt in 2019. MOL closed the 10 000 bbl/d Zala refinery in 2001 and the 61 000 bbl/d Tisza refinery in 2008.
Interactive Chart Hungary Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption has been rising very rapidly since 2013 (by 5.5%/year), reaching 7.6 Mt in 2019.
The bulk of oil products is consumed in the transport sector (58% in 2019, compared to 44% in 2000), but a high share (30%) is consumed in industry.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Hungary Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption has remained stable since 2017, after a recovery between 2014 and 2017 (+6%/year). It fell rapidly between 2005 and 2014 (by 5.6%/year).
Half of the gas is consumed by households and services (46% in 2019). The share of industry in gas consumption has increased since 2000, from 18% to 22% in 2019 (including non-energy uses), a share higher than that of the power sector (19%).
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Interactive Chart Hungary Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal and lignite consumption halved between 1990 and 2019, from 22 Mt to 8.1 Mt, in line with the demand from power plants, as most of the coal and lignite is used in the power sector (85%).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Hungary Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption has been rising since 2014 (+2.6%/year) and reached 40.8 TWh in 2019, after a period of relative stability between 2008 and 2014.
The share of electricity consumed in industry has increased from 25% in 2007 to 43% (2019). Households and services account for half of electricity consumption, with 29% and 21%, respectively.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
In 2011, Hungary's National Renewable Energy Action Plan 2010-2020 raised the national target for renewables in the country's final energy consumption by 2020 from 13% (EU Directive target) to 14.65%, of which 10.9% in electricity consumption (18.1% achieved in 2018 according to Eurostat), 18.9% for heating (18.1% in 2018), and 10% in transport (7.7% in 2018).
The National Energy Strategy 2030 (2012), which is included in the NECP, sets a target of 20% of renewables in primary energy consumption by 2030 (14% of biofuels in transport).
Interactive Chart Hungary Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
GHG emissions declined by 1% in 2018 (i.e. 33% below their 1990 level), after a 3%/year increase over 2014-2017.
In June 2020, the parliament adopted a law to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. In the medium term, the country is committed to a binding GHG emission reduction target of at least 40% by 2030 compared to 1990, in line with other EU countries.
Since 2018, CO2 energy emissions are stable at 48 Mt. Previously, they increased by 4%/year on average between 2014 and 2017.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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