Hungary Energy Information
Hungary Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 4.93 %/year
Energy independence: 41.5%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 4.91 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.60%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Hungary energy report
Hungary Related News
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Hungary Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Energy consumption per capita is 2.7 toe (13% below the EU average), including 4 200 kWh of electricity (24% below the EU average) (2019).
Total energy consumption recovered between 2014 and 2019 (+2%/year), after a 10% decline between 2010 and 2013 (26 Mtoe in 2019).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Hungary Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production, which is distributed over 6 production sites, covers around 14% of the country's needs (1.2 Mt in 2019). Russia is the main oil supplier (71% in 2019), followed by Kazakhstan (10%) and Iraq (8%).
The country has one refinery, the Szazhalombatta refinery of MOL, with a capacity of 162 kb/d (8.1 Mt/year), that processed 7.5 Mt in 2019. MOL closed its Zala refinery in 2001 (10 kb/d) and Tisza refinery (61 kb/d in 2008).
Interactive Chart Hungary Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption has been rising very rapidly since 2013 (by 5.5%/year), reaching 7.6 Mt in 2019.
The bulk of oil products is consumed in the transport sector (58% in 2019, compared to 44% in 2000), but a high share (30%) is consumed in industry.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Hungary Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption has remained stable since 2017 (11 bcm in 2020), after a recovery between 2014 and 2017 (+6%/year). It fell rapidly between 2005 and 2014 (by 5.6%/year).
Half of the gas is consumed by households and services (46% in 2019). The share of industry in gas consumption has increased since 2000, from 18% to 22% in 2019 (including non-energy uses), a share higher than that of the power sector (19%).
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Interactive Chart Hungary Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal and lignite consumption halved between 1990 and 2019, from 22 Mt to 8.1 Mt, in line with the demand from power plants, as most of the coal and lignite is used in the power sector (85%).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Hungary Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption rose quite rapidly between 2014 and 2019 (+2.6%/year) and remained stable in 2020 (40.5 TWh in 2020); it remained relatively stable between 2008 and 2014.
The share of electricity consumed in industry has increased from 25% in 2007 to 43% (2019). Households and services account for half of electricity consumption, with 29% and 21%, respectively.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The national target of a 14.65% share of renewables in the final energy consumption in 2020 (i.e. above the EU Directive target of 13%) will probably not be achieved (12.6% in 2019, of which 10.9% for electricity, 18.1% for heating, and 8% for transport).
The National Energy and Climate Plan set a target of 21% of renewables in final energy consumption by 2030, of which 21% for electricity, 29% for heating and cooling, and 17% in transport.
Interactive Chart Hungary Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
GHG emissions declined by 2% in 2019 (i.e. 36% below their 1990 level), after a 4%/year increase over 2014-2018.
In 2020, the parliament adopted a law to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. In the medium term, the country is committed to a binding GHG emission reduction target of at least 40% by 2030 compared to 1990, as in other EU countries.
Since 2018, CO2 energy emissions are stable at 48 Mt, after a rapid increase between 2014 and 2017 (4%/year).
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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