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- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY COMPANIES
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Hungary energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
- The country targets 90% of carbon neutral power generation by 2030 and climate neutrality by 2050.
- Coal power generation will be phased out by 2025.
- National companies have a dominant position: MVM for electricity production and transmission and MOL for oil and gas.
- E.ON is taking an increasing role in electricity distribution.
- Carbon-free electricity reached 66% in 2022, of which 44% is nuclear.
- Residential electricity and gas prices are around 50% lower than the EU averages.
- Total energy consumption dropped by 6% in 2022.
- The share of oil in total consumption has increased by 7 points since 2010.
- Hungary is counting on nuclear (2.4 GW expansion of the Paks plant) to ensure its long-term electricity supply.
- Electricity and gas interconnection projects are under development to diversify supply.
Institutions & Energy Policy
The State Secretariat for Energy and Climate Policy within the Ministry of Innovation and Technology oversees energy and climate policies.
MEKH, the Hungarian Energy and Public Utility Regulatory Authority, is the independent body in charge of regulating the electricity and gas sectors.
MOL (MOL New Europe Foundation 10%, Maecenas Universitatis Corvini Foundation 10%, Mathias Corvinus Collegium Fundation 10%)is the national oil company; its activities range from exploration-production to refining and distribution. MOL owns a 49% share in the Croatian oil company INA.
Gas production is decreasing rapidly and reached 1.5 bcm in 2022(4.9 bcm in 1990 and 2.9 bcm in 2010). This production represents around 1/4 of its gas needs. Gas production decreased by 11% in 2021.
Gasoline and diesel prices follow trends in international prices. They increased by +3% and +18%, respectively, in 2022.
Energy consumption per capita is 2.7 toe (13% below the EU average), including 4400 kWh of electricity (8% below the EU27 average) (2022).
Total energy consumption decreased by 6% in 2022, after a 4% rebound in 2021. It decreased by 1.7%/year from 2018 to 2020 after a period of rapid growth between 2014 and 2018 (+4%/year).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Issues & Prospects
Serbia and Hungary have agreed to build a 128 km-long pipeline from Novi Sad (Serbia) to Hungary in October 2022. The project, which may cost around €100m, would supply Serbia with Russian Urals crude via the Druzhba oil pipeline, as Belgrade's shipments via Croatia fall under EU sanctions.
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2022, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2022, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
- GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
- GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
- GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2022, %)
- GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2022, %)
- GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
- GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
- GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
- GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
- GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
- GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
- Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.
The Hungary energy market data since 1990 and up to
is included in the Excel file accompanying the Hungary country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Hungary Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Hungary energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).
The Hungary country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.
Data included in the excelsheet:
- Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
- Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
- CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
- Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
- Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.