China Energy Information
China Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 7.80 %/year
Energy independence: 80.7%
Data of the last year available: 2021
CO2 Emissions: 7.34 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.81%
* at purchasing power parity
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China Related News
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China Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Total energy consumption per capita is increasing regularly, reaching 2.6 toe/cap in 2021 (nearly 4 times that for India). Electricity consumption per capita increased by over 9% to 5 450 kWh in 2021, twice 2010 levels.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart China Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production has been increasing since 2018 (+2%/year), reaching 208 Mt in 2021. It increased by an average of 2%/year between 2000 and 2015 but declined by 3.2%/year between 2015 and 2018Most of the production is onshore and located in the fields close to the north-eastern coast. Offshore production is in full development, with the Bohai basin being one of the most active areas.
Interactive Chart China Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
The consumption of oil products is increasing rapidly (+4%/year on average since 2010) reaching 689 Mt in 2021 (+2.4% in 2021).
In 2021, the share of the transport sector returned to its pre-pandemic level (42% in 2021 vs. 38% in 2020); the second largest energy consuming sector is industry (including non-energy uses) with around 33%.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart China Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Natural gas consumption grew by more than 12% in 2021 to 358 bcm, i.e. in line with its 2010-2019 trend. Despite the effects of the pandemic, gas consumption grew by 7% in 2020.
Industry represents 41% of gas demand, followed by the residential and services sector (22%), the power sector (17%), and transport (10%).
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart China Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
After moderate growth between 2017 and 2019 (+0.9%/year) and a 0.6% hike in 2020, coal and lignite consumption recovered noticeably in 2021 (+4.6%), reaching 4.1 Gt. Coal consumption had increased very rapidly between 2000 and 2013 (+9%/year) and then decreased between 2014 and 2016 (-1.9%/year).
The power sector is the largest user of coal and lignite, with 66%, followed by industry (25%). The share of the power sector has been increasing continually (45% in 2000 and 49% in 2010).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart China Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption rose by 10% in 2021 to 7 714 TWh. It had increased rapidly (+7%/year over 2010-2019), with slower growth in 2020 (+3%).
Industry is the main consumer (57% in 2021), followed by services and residential (19% and 16%, respectively).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021,%)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
With the 14th FYP, the country intends to get 20% of its total energy consumption from non-fossil fuels in 2025 (16% in 2020). The target of 15% of renewables in total energy consumption in 2020 was not reached (only 10%) ("Guiding Opinions on Establishing Renewable Energy Portfolio Standards", NEA, 2016). In 2018, the NDRC also set a target of a 9% share of non-hydro renewables in electricity consumption for 2020 and 35% in 2030 (11% reached in 2020 and 13% in 2021).
Interactive Chart China Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
China ratified the Paris Climate Agreement in 2016. Its updated NDC (late 2021) sets more ambitious targets for 2030: reaching a CO2 emission peak before 2030, lowering its CO2 intensity by over 65% (from 2005 levels), and eventually reaching carbon neutrality before 2060. It aims to cut the average coal consumption rate in power plants to 300g/kWh between 2020 and 2025.
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