China energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive China energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2021 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

China energy report
March 2022
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
46 (Report only)

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  • The 14th FYP foresees China achieving peak CO2 emissions before 2030 and reaching carbon neutrality by 2060. It also intends to supply 20% of its total energy consumption from non-fossil fuels in 2025.
  • The electricity and hydrocarbon sectors are dominated by large state-owned organisations.
  • The share of coal in the power mix decreased by 15 points from 2011 to 63% in 2021.
  • In 2020, a market-based system was introduced for industrial electricity users.
  • Gas prices in industry are similar to Japan and Korea, but much lower for households.
  • After a slowdown due to the Covid-19 outbreak in 2020, energy consumption recovered in 2021 (+5%), with growth over 10% for electricity and gas.
  • Coal dominates the energy mix (60% in 2021), but its share is decreasing rapidly (-11 points since 2010).
  • Although subsidy cuts have been announced, renewables are still attracting investors with large-scale projects.
  • Despite a cap on coal mine production, new projects continue to increase the coal capacity.


energy consumer and in new power capacities


of world energy- related CO2

emissions in 2020



  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    NEA, National Energy Administration, coordinates the national energy policy, manages energy conservation, and provides guidance about the integrated use of resources. It is a department of NDRC, the National Development and Reform Commission of the China State Council. NDRC formulates and implements medium and long-term strategies on social and economic development.

  • Energy Companies


    The oil sector is dominated by three state-owned companies: CNPC (China National Petroleum Corp), Sinopec (China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation), and CNOOC (China National Offshore Oil Corporation). CNPC and Sinopec are vertically integrated.

  • Energy Supply


    Proven oil reserves are estimated at 3.5 Gt (at the end of 2021, reserves/production ratio of 17 years). Reserves of conventional natural gas are estimated at over 2 900 bcm (14 years of production).

  • Energy Prices


    Gasoline and diesel prices follow international crude oil prices. No price adjustments take place, however, if international prices are below US$40/bl. The country plans to adapt the mechanism in order to better take into account domestic factors.

  • Energy Consumption

    Total energy consumption per capita is increasing regularly, reaching 2.6 toe/cap in 2021 (nearly 4 times that for India). Electricity consumption per capita increased by over 9% to 5 450 kWh in 2021, twice 2010 levels.


  • Issues & Prospects

    The main priorities are to increase production, diversify the supply sources (for security reasons), and tackle rising emissions. The country also continues to reform the electricity sector.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the China energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed Electric capacity by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total Consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2021,%)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)

List of Tables

In the China energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The China energy market data since 1990 and up to 2021 is included in the Excel file accompanying the China country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • China Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the China energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The China country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The China country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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