Myanmar Energy Information
Myanmar Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 3.17 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 0.68 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 15.6%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Myanmar energy report
Myanmar Related News
View all news, archive your new and create your own daily newsletters only on your topics/countries of interest with Key Energy Intelligence
Myanmar Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
In 2020, consumption per capita was 0.45 toe. Electricity consumption per capita is among the lowest in Asia (around 370 kWh in 2020 vs 1 515 kWh in the ASEAN).
Total energy consumption rose rapidly until 2018 (7%/year on average between 2010 and 2017) and has progressed more slowly since then (2.5%/year), reaching 24 Mtoe in 2020.
Biomass accounts for 45% of the energy consumption, oil for 31%, and natural gas for 15% (2020); the role of hydropower and coal is low: 6% and 3%, respectively.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Myanmar Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production is low and stable (0.4 Mt in 2020). Net crude oil exports amounted to 0.15 Mt and net oil product imports to 7.1 Mt in 2020 (+8%).
The country's refining capacity amounts to 51 kb/d, distributed in three small refineries: Thanlyin (20 kb/d), Thanbayakan (25 kb/d), and Chauk (6 kb/d). The refineries are old and their utilisation rate is low (around 10%).
A 771 km-long crude oil pipeline between Myanmar and China was completed in 2014 and started operations in 2017.
Interactive Chart Myanmar Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The Department of Research and Innovation under MOEE is preparing the renewable energy policy, with two main goals: developing hydropower by incentivising private sector participation (under BOT or as joint ventures) and increasing the use of alternative fuels by households, including biofuels.
In 2018, the MOEE targeted an 8% share of wind and PV in the power mix in 2021 and 12% in 2025. Ever since, the updated NDC unconditional target is a 13% share of wind and PV in 2025 and 11% in 2030 (17% in 2030 with conditions).
Interactive Chart Myanmar Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data
Learn more about renewables in the Mini grid Africa & Asia markets for village electrification
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Myanmar updated its first NDC in 2021 with quantitative commitments for GHG reductions. In the energy sector, the country aims to achieve a conditional target of avoiding 144 MtCO2eq of GHG emissions in 2030 compared to the BAU projection of 297 MtCO2eq (-52%). The country aims to increase the solar and wind capacity by 54% (from 2 GW initially planned to 3.07 GW in 2030) and decrease coal power capacity by 73.5% (from 7.94 GW to 2.12 GW). Under its unconditional target, Myanmar seeks to avoid 105 MtCO2eq by 2030 from the BAU.
Secured payment by