Myanmar energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Myanmar energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Myanmar energy report
February 2021
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
30 (Report only)

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  • Natural gas is the country's most important source of export revenues.
  • The National Electrification Plan aims at electrifying all households by 2030.
  • The country targets a 12% share of wind and PV in the power mix in 2025.
  • Government enterprises dominate the power sector, whereas international companies are the main players in the hydrocarbon sector.
  • Myanmar has large reserves of natural gas and a huge hydropower potential. Hydropower represents 59% of the electricity mix.
  • Oil and electricity prices are among the lowest in the region.
  • Electricity tariffs increased sharply in 2019 for both households and industries.
  • Total consumption per capita is the lowest among Asian countries and is dominated by biomass (47%). Households and services absorb two thirds of the final energy consumption.
  • The political situation may stall investors' confidence in new energy infrastructure projects.
  • Chinese energy groups keep strong interests, notably in LNG-to-power projects.
  • Almost 10 GW of hydro is under construction.


share of refined products in energy imports


annual increase in electricity production since 2015


increase in gas production since 2010


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Electricity and Energy (MOEE) coordinates the energy policy. It is also responsible for policy-related matters for the oil and gas industry. The ministry was created by the merger of the Ministry of Energy and Ministry of Electric Power in 2016.

  • Energy Supply


    Natural gas production is increasing rapidly (+6%/year since 2010, and up to 9% in 2019) and reached 20 bcm in 2019. Gas production soared between 1998 and 2007 (+20%/year) following the start of production at the Yadana and Yetagun gas fields (in 1998 and 2000, respectively), and has further grown with the commissioning of the Shwe and Zawtika fields.

  • Energy Prices


    Electricity tariffs are fixed by the Government. They are highly subsidised for households. In 2020, the price of electricity was US$5.0c/kWh for households and US$10.49.6c/kWh for industrial customers.

  • Energy Consumption

    In 2019, consumption per capita was 0.44 toe. Electricity consumption per capita is among the lowest in Asia (around 360 kWh in 2019 vs 1 500 kWh in the ASEAN).

    Total energy consumption has been rising rapidly by 7%/year on average between 2010 and 2018 and remained stable in 2019 (23.5 Mtoe in 2019).

  • Issues & Prospects


    The Energy Master Plan forecasts that the share of hydropower will decrease to 57% of the power mix in 2030. The share of natural gas should decrease to 8%, while the share of coal will increase to 30%. Solar PV will make up 5% of the total power capacity in 2030.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Myanmar energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total Consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final Consumption market share by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Myanmar energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Myanmar energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Myanmar country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Myanmar Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Myanmar energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Myanmar country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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