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Myanmar energy report

Myanmar energy report
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Myanmar energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • Natural gas is the country's most important source of export revenues.
  • The National Electrification Plan aims at electrifying all households by 2030.
  • The country targets a 12% share of wind and PV in the power mix in 2025.
  • Government enterprises dominate the power sector.
  • Several international O&G companies pulled out of Myanmar in the wake of the military coup.
  • Myanmar has large reserves of natural gas and a huge hydropower potential.
  • The share of hydropower in the electricity mix rose again in 2021 to 60% after a downwards trend since 2010.
  • Oil products prices more than doubled in 2022.
  • Electricity prices have been declining since 2020.
  • Oil and electricity prices are among the lowest in the region.
  • Total consumption per capita is the lowest in ASEAN region.
  • Biomass still dominates the energy mix (~50%) despite a downward trend (- 26 points since 2010).
  • Households and services absorb two thirds of the final energy consumption.
  • International sanctions and political instability have stopped investments by western foreign investors, while Chinese energy groups keep strong interests, notably in LNG-to-power and hydro projects.
  • Russia and Myanmar are tightening up cooperation on energy supply, notably on oil products.
  • Almost 10 GW of hydro capacity is under construction.
share of hydro in the power mix in 2021
annual increase in electricity capacity since 2010 (+4 GW)
decrease in gas production since 2017
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    In May 2022, the State Administration Council (SAC) transformed the Ministry of Electricity and Energy (MOEE) into two separate ministries: the Ministry of Energy (MOE) and the Ministry of Electrical Power (MOEP).

  • Energy Supply


    Oil production is low and stable (0.4 Mt in 2021). Net crude oil exports amounted to 0.3 Mt and net oil product imports to 6.4 Mt in 2021 (+2%).

    The country's refining capacity amounts to 51 kb/d, distributed in three small refineries: Thanlyin (20 kb/d), Thanbayakan (25 kb/d), and Chauk (6 kb/d). The refineries are old and their utilisation rate is low (around 10%).

  • Energy Prices


    Electricity tariffs are fixed by the Government. They are highly subsidised for households. The price of electricity has been decreasing since 2020 for both industry and households (-11%/year), reaching US$3.9c/kWh for households in 2022 and US$8.2c/kWh for industrial customers.

  • Energy Consumption

    In 2021, consumption per capita was 0.41 toe. Electricity consumption per capita is among the lowest in Asia (around 350 kWh in 2021 vs 1 550 kWh in the ASEAN).

    Total energy consumption rose rapidly until 2018 (7%/year on average between 2010 and 2017) and has plateaued at around 22.5 Mtoe since then.

  • Issues & Prospects


    The gas fields are being depleted and the country is studying the possibility of developing LNG terminals to cope with the declining domestic production.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total Consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final Consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Myanmar energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Myanmar country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Myanmar Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Myanmar energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).