Myanmar energy report
This analysis includes a comprehensive Myanmar energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2018 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
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Institutions & Energy Policy
The economy relies on resource-based industries with the biggest contribution to the GDP coming from extractive industries, especially oil and gas, and forest products. Natural gas is the country's most important source of export revenues (US$3.4 bn in fiscal year (FY) 2017-2018, i.e. more than 20% of total export value).
Oil production is low and stable (0.5 Mt in 2018). Net crude oil exports amounted to 0.25 Mt and net oil product imports to 6.8 Mt in 2018.
The country's refining capacity amounts to 51 000 bbl/d, distributed in three small refineries: Thanlyin (20 000 bbl/d), Thanbayakan (25 000 bbl/d) and Chauk (6 000 bbl/d). The refineries are old and their utilisation rate is low (around 10%).
Electricity tariffs are fixed by the Government. They are highly subsidized for households. In 2018, the price of electricity was US$2.8c/kWh for households and US$7.0c/kWh for industrial customers.
In 2018, consumption per capita was 0.44 toe. Electricity consumption per capita remains among the lowest in Asia (around 350 kWh in 2018 vs 1 380 kWh in the ASEAN).
Total energy consumption has been rising rapidly by 8%/year on average since 2013, reaching 24 Mtoe in 2018.
Issues & Prospects
The gas fields are being depleted and the country is studying the possibility of developing LNG terminals to cope with the declining domestic production.
- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
Below is a list of the Myanmar energy market report graphs:
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2018, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2018, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
- GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
- GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 8: Total Consumption market share by energy (2018, %)
- GRAPH 9: Final Consumption market share by sector (2018, %)
In the Myanmar energy market report you will find the following tables:
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
The Myanmar energy market data since 1990 and up to 2018 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Myanmar country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Myanmar Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Myanmar energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).
The Myanmar country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.
Data included in the excelsheet:
- New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
- Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.
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