Belgium Energy Information
Belgium Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 3.90 %/year
Energy independence: 32.1%
Data of the last year available: 2021
CO2 Emissions: 7.99 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.11%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Belgium energy report
Belgium Related News
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Belgium Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Total energy consumption per capita is around 60%higher than the EU average, at 4.8 toe in 2021. Electricity consumption per capita is a third above the EU average and amounted to around 7 200 kWh in 2021.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Graph: TOTAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE BY ENERGY (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Belgium Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
All the oil is imported (57 Mt in 2021). Crude oil accounts for around 55% of oil imports. In 2021, around 2/3 of crude oil was imported from Russia (29%), Norway (17%), the UK (10%), and Saudi Arabia (8%).
There are four refineries, all located in Anvers, with a total capacity of (837 kb/d). The refineries are focused on diesel production (around half of total production).
Interactive Chart Belgium Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption rebounded by 9% to 19 Mt in 2021 after a 10% decrease in 2020. Previously, oil consumption declined by 1.2%/year over 2015-2019.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
In 2021, industry (including non-energy uses) represented 39% of the oil consumption, transport 37% (39% in 2020), and residential services & agriculture 18%.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Belgium Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Since 2015, gas consumption has been increasing by 1.2%/year on average (+0.5% in 2021) to 18.5 bcm in 2021.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Buildings (residential and services sector) accounted for 37% of total gas consumption; the remaining amount is mainly consumed in industry (35%) and in electricity production (21%) (2021).
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Belgium Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption has been declining since 1990, reaching 3.6 Mt in 2020, but saw a slight 5% increase in 2021 to 3.8 Mt.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Industry is the main coal consumer, with a share of 78% (42% in 2009), followed by power plants with only 12% compared to 44% in 2009.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Belgium Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption remained roughly stable between 2010 and 2018, at around 83 TWh/year, and decreased by 1.6%/year until 2020 before increasing by about 3% in 2021 to 83 TWh.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
The industrial sector accounts for 45% of the country's electricity consumption, compared to 26% for services and 23% for the residential sector (2021).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
Belgium was 1 point short of its 2020 target for a 13% share of renewables in final consumption, but reached its objective for transport (11% vs a target of 10%). The target set in the NECP is 17.5% in 2030.
Interactive Chart Belgium Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
GHG emissions (excl. LULUCF) have remained stable since 2015 at around 115 MtCO2eq, which is 23% below their 1990 level.
The policies to fight Climate Change are defined at the federal level, while the implementation is split between the State and the regions: each region has its own climate plan and target. The National Climate Commission (NCC) controls the implementation of the National Climate Plan.
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