Belgium Energy Information
2018 Belgium Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 1.43 %/year
Energy independence: 22.0%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 8.46 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.44%
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Total Energy Consumption
Total energy consumption per capita is 55% higher than the EU average, at 4.8 toe (2019). The difference is mainly due to a higher final consumption per capita (+1.3 toe). Electricity consumption per capita is 31% above the EU average and amounted to around 7 250 kWh in 2019.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Graph: TOTAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE BY ENERGY (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Belgium Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
All the oil is imported (63 Mt in 2019). Crude oil accounts for around 54% of oil imports. Petroleum products (46% of oil imports) are imported from the Netherlands (37%), Saudi Arabia (11%), and Russia (11%).
Interactive Chart Belgium Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption has been decreasing by 2.3%/year since 2015, driven by the industrial sector.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
In 2019, transport represented 42% of the oil consumption, industry 35%, and residential services & agriculture 17%.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Belgium Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Since 2015, gas consumption has been increasing by 3.2%/year on average to 19 bcm in 2019.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Buildings (residential and services sector) accounted for 37% of total gas consumption; the remaining amount is consumed in industry (35%) and in electricity production (25%) (2019).
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Belgium Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption has been declining since 1990, reaching 4.4 Mt in 2019.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Industry is the main coal consumer with a share of 75% (42% in 2009), followed by power plants with only 15% compared to 44% in 2009.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Belgium Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption has remained roughly stable since 2010, at around 83 TWh/year.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
The industrial sector accounts for 47% of the country's electricity consumption, compared to 26% for the services and 22% for the residential sectors (2019).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
In accordance with the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 13% in 2020 (including 10% in transport, nearly 12% in heating and cooling and nearly 21% in electricity) (9.4% reached in 2018).
Interactive Chart Belgium Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
GHG emissions have remained stable since 2015 at around 83 MtCO2eq, which is 19% below their 1990 level.
The policies to fight Climate Change are defined at the federal level, while the implementation is split between the State and the regions: each region has its own climate plan and target. The National Climate Commission (NCC) controls the implementation of the National Climate Plan, although the 2013-2020 plan has not yet been released because of effort-sharing issues between the State and the regions (the last National Climate Plan was issued in 2009).
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