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- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Belgium energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
- Nuclear phase-out was to be completed in 2025; however, due to the current tensions regarding gas supply, the lifetime of two reactors was extended in 2022.
- Engie dominates power generation with more than half of total production and is the largest gas company, with 40% of gas supply.
- In 2022, 72% of electricity was generated from carbon-free sources (+ 13 points since 2010).
- Household electricity prices increased by 40% in 2022 and by 60% in industry.
- Natural gas prices doubled in 2022 for both households and industrial customers.
- Total energy consumption decreased by nearly 9% in 2022.
- Around 2.2 GW of wind projects and 3.5 GW of gas-fired projects are currently under development.
- Fluxys will almost double the capacity of its Zeebrugge LNG import terminal.
Institutions & Energy Policy
The institutional framework of the energy sector is based on the subsidiarity principle, i.e. the sharing of responsibilities between the federal authorities, the three provincial authorities (or regions) (Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels) and the local authorities.
All the oil is imported (55 Mt in 2022). Crude oil accounts for around 54% of oil imports. In 2021, around 2/3 of crude oil was imported from Russia (29%), Norway (17%), the UK (10%), and Saudi Arabia (8%).
There are four refineries, all located in Anvers, with a total capacity of (837 kb/d). The refineries are focused on diesel production (around half of total production).
Taxes on motor fuels account for more than 60% of consumer prices for gasoline and diesel (excise tax of €60c/l since July 2018).
Gasoline prices stood at €1.83/l and diesel prices at €1.92/l in 2022. They were around 24% and 29% higher, respectively, than in 2021.
Graph: GASOLINE & DIESEL PRICES (€/l)
Total energy consumption per capita is around 41% higher than the EU average, at 4.4 toe in 2022. Electricity consumption per capita is about 20% above the EU average and amounted to around 6 700 kWh in 2022.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Issues & Prospects
According to FPB's "Energy outlook for Belgium towards 2050", electricity consumption will increase by 10% by 2030 and by 28% by 2050, mainly driven by services (20% and 47%) and the residential sector (15% and 44%).
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2022, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2022, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
- GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
- GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
- GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2022, %)
- GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2022, %)
- GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
- GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
- GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
- GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
- GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
- GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
- Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.
The Belgium energy market data since 1990 and up to
is included in the Excel file accompanying the Belgium country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Belgium Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Belgium energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).
The Belgium country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.
Data included in the excelsheet:
- Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
- Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
- CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
- Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
- Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.