Belgium energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Belgium energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2018 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Belgium energy report
September 2020
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
35 (Report only)

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  • Energy competences are split between the federal level and the three regions.
  • Nuclear phase-out is to be completed in 2025.
  • The electricity and gas markets are dominated by Engie and EDF.
  • Electricity generation rebounded in 2019, 70% of which is produced from carbon free sources.
  • Household electricity prices are 33% higher than the EU averages.
  • Natural gas prices are around 20% lower than the EU averages.
  • Electricity consumption has remained roughly stable since 2010.
  • Belgium is phasing out coal from its energy mix.
  • Engie is developing new CCGTs.


energy independence rate

1.6 GW

of additional solar capacity since 2015


share of nuclear in the power mix


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The institutional framework of the energy sector is based on the subsidiarity principle, i.e. the sharing of responsibilities between the federal authorities, the three provincial authorities (or regions) (Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels) and the local authorities.

  • Energy Supply


    Since 2000, all the gas consumed is imported (20.5 bcm in 2019). In 2019, 83% of the gas was imported by pipe and 17% as LNG; gas imports came mainly from the Netherlands (50%), Norway (39%), and Qatar (13%) (2018). Long-term contracts for more than five years accounted for about 43% of imports in 2019 (62% in 2012, 80% in 2007).

  • Energy Prices


    In 2018, industrial prices in Belgium were 9% higher than the EU average, while household prices were 33% higher. Taxes account for 47% of residential prices, followed by network charges (33%).


  • Energy Consumption

    Total energy consumption per capita is 55% higher than the EU average, at 4.8 toe (2019). The difference is mainly due to a higher final consumption per capita (+1.3 toe). Electricity consumption per capita is 31% above the EU average and amounted to around 7 250 kWh in 2019.


  • Issues & Prospects

    According to the Federal Planning Bureau's (FPB) "Economic Outlook 2019-2024", the total and final energy consumption will increase by 5% and 3%, respectively, between 2018 and 2024.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Belgium energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Belgium energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Belgium energy market data since 1990 and up to 2018 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Belgium country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Belgium Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Belgium energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Belgium country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Belgium country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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