Greece Energy Information
2019 Greece Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 1.87 %/year
Energy independence: 27.9%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 5.35 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 8.64%
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Greece Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Total energy consumption per capita is 2.1 toe in 2019 (33% below the EU average of 3.1 toe), including around 4 900 kWh of electricity (12% below the EU average). The significant decrease in consumption since 2008 is a result of the deep economic crisis.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Greece Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Crude oil production is negligible and covers 1% of the country's oil needs. The main suppliers are Iraq (52%), Kazakhstan (14%), and Russia (9%) (2019). Iran used to be a large supplier (34% in 2011) before the EU embargo of 2012. In 2016, Helpe signed an agreement with NIOC to resume crude oil imports from Iran. Greece imported about 28 Mt of crude oil in 2019.
Interactive Chart Greece Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
The consumption of oil products has remained quite stable since 2013 (11 Mt in 2019). It had increased regularly from 1990 until a peak at 18 Mt in 2007 (close to 2%/year on average), before falling by 36% between 2008 and 2013 because of the economic crisis.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart Greece Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Since 2015, natural gas consumption has been rising and stood at an all-time high of 5.2 bcm/year in 2019. It increased strongly between its introduction in 1997 and a peak of 4.7 bcm in 2011. Subsequently, it fell at a pace of about 14%/year until 2014 due to the economic crisis and the decrease in power generation.
The electricity sector absorbs 68% of the total gas consumption, industry (including non-energy uses) 19% and buildings 11%.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Interactive Chart Greece Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Lignite consumption reached an all-time high in 2004 (72 Mt) and has been falling since then to 27 Mt in 2019. Nearly all the lignite consumption is used by the electricity sector and the current decrease in coal demand is explained by changes in the power mix (rising gas-fired and renewable generation).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Greece Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
After an 8% decrease in 2018, electricity consumption increased slightly in 2019 (+2% to 52 TWh). It had surged between 2000 and 2008 (+3.4%/year) before declining until 2014 (-2.3%/year).
Services and households are the largest consumers of electricity (35% and 33%, respectively), followed by industry (24%).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019,%)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
According to the EU Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in the gross final energy consumption to 18% by 2020 (18% achieved in 2018); the share for renewable electricity is set at 40% (26% achieved in 2018). Under its National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP), the country targets a 35% share of renewables in gross final energy consumption in 2030, including 60% in electricity consumption, 40% in heating and cooling, and 14% in transport.
Interactive Chart Greece Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Greece has succeeded in limiting its GHG emissions at 8% above their 1990 level in 2012 (Kyoto Protocol target of +25% over 1990-2012). Since 2007, they have been decreasing sharply (by 3.4%/year on average) and stood 9% below their 1990 level in 2018 (96 MtCO2).
Within the framework of the EU Effort Sharing Decision, Greece aims to limit its non-ETS GHG emissions in 2020 to 4% below its 2005 level (i.e. 59.6 MtCO2e). In 2018, these emissions stood at 45 MtCO2eq, i.e. 28% below their 2005 level and Greece is set to meet its 2020 target.
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