Greece energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Greece energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Greece energy report
November 2020
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
41 (Report only)

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  • By 2030, Greece aims to achieve 38% of energy efficiency, reach 50% of renewables and no coal in its power mix, and cut its GHG emissions by 42% compared to 1990.
  • The privatisation and re-structuring processes of the energy sector is progressing slowly due to the unstable economic and political situation of Greece.
  • The Public Power Corporation (PPC) dominates the power sector and holds around 55% of generation capacity.
  • Helpe (Hellenic Petroleum) and Depa, the national oil and gas companies, dominate their respective markets.
  • Greece is dependent on oil and gas imports as its own resources are quite limited. Lignite reserves play an important role in the energy supply, especially in power generation.
  • On the whole, fuel prices have been above the EU averages since 2010.
  • Electricity and gas prices remain lower than the EU average.
  • Total energy consumption has been decreasing since 2008 as a result of the deep financial crisis.
  • The main objectives for the future are to increase the penetration of gas and the renewable capacity. The country strives to become a physical and pricing gas hub in the region.


of wind and solar in electricity generation (2019)


share of gas in the power mix, ahead of lignite for the 1st time in 2019


reduction of primary energy consumption between 2008 and 2019


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Environment and Energy coordinates the energy policy and controls public companies.

    The Regulatory Authority for Energy (RAE) regulates the electricity and natural gas markets according to EU Directives. Another energy law adopted in 2011 further strengthens the RAE.

  • Energy Companies


    Helpe (Hellenic Petroleum,35.5% HRADF, 45.5% Paneuropean Oil and Industrial Holdings) is the national oil company. In April 2019, Greece delayed the sale of 50.1% in Helpe (35.5% of HRADF and 14.6% of Paneuropean Oil stakes) as the shortlisted buyers, a consortium led by Glencore Energy and another led by Vitol, failed to submit binding bids before deadline.

  • Energy Supply


    Crude oil production is negligible and covers 1% of the country's oil needs. The main suppliers are Iraq (52%), Kazakhstan (14%), and Russia (9%) (2019). Iran used to be a large supplier (34% in 2011) before the EU embargo of 2012. In 2016, Helpe signed an agreement with NIOC to resume crude oil imports from Iran. Greece imported about 28 Mt of crude oil in 2019.

  • Energy Prices


    In 2019, the gas price was €5.8c/kWh for households (-2.6% on 2018) and €3.3c/kWh for industry (+9.2% on 2018). Industry and household gas prices surged over 2000-2012 (+9%/year and +13%/year, respectively), before declining until 2016-2017 (-18%/year for industry and -13%/year for households).

  • Energy Consumption

    Total energy consumption per capita is 2.1 toe in 2019 (33% below the EU average of 3.1 toe), including around 4 900 kWh of electricity (12% below the EU average). The significant decrease in consumption since 2008 is a result of the deep economic crisis.


  • Issues & Prospects

    The coming years should see the application of the policy on the diversification of energy supplies and the penetration of natural gas.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Greece energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: Co2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019,%)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Greece energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Greece energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Greece country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Greece Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Greece energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Greece country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Greece country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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