South Africa Energy Information
South Africa Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -7.2 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 6.97 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 10.1%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the South Africa energy report
South Africa Related News
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South Africa Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Total energy consumption per capita peaked in 2008 at 2.9 toe per capita and then progressively decreased to 2.2 toe in 2020 (nearly 4 times the average energy consumption per capita in sub-Saharan Africa). Electricity consumption per capita peaked at 4 500 kWh in 2007 before decreasing to 3 246 kWh in 2020 (around 10 times the sub-Saharan average).
Total energy consumption, which increased by 1.3%/year between 2017 and 2019, contracted by 9% in 2020 to 128 Mtoe, due the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the economy.
Interactive Chart South Africa Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Total oil production has been decreasing slightly since 2016 from 5.6 Mt to 4.9 Mt in 2020. It mostly comes from synthetic fuels, as conventional production of crude oil is marginal.
The country imported 14 Mt of crude oil (-18% on 2019), and 7.6 Mt of oil products in 2020 (net imports).
Interactive Chart South Africa Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption, which remained roughly stable at around 26 Mt between 2013 and 2019, fell by 16% in 2020 to 23 Mt.
Transport accounts for 64% of that consumption, followed by industry (including non-energy uses) with 18% and residential-services-agriculture with 10%.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart South Africa Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption has decreased by 2.6%/year since 2016 to 4.8 bcm in 2020 (0.7% decline in 2020 alone). Previously, it rose, despite strong fluctuations, at the average pace of 4%/year between 2004 and 2016.
Gas is mainly used to produce fuels in the gas-to-liquids plant (52%) and in industry (47%).
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart South Africa Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption had been decreasing by 1%/year until 2019 and by 7% in 2020 to 176 Mt because of a reduction in coal-fired power generation, which absorbed 66% of the coal consumed in 2020 (21% for industry). Previously, coal consumption fluctuated around 190 Mt between 2008 and 2014.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart South Africa Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption remained stable between 2017 and 2019 at around 200 TWh, before decreasing by 5% to 193 TWh in 2020. Between 2010 and 2015, it fluctuated between 207 and 216 TWh.
Industry is the main electricity consumer (52%), followed by the residential sector (20%) and the services sector (15%).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The IRP2019 targets the addition of 16 GW of wind and solar by 2030 in relation to 2018, made up of 9.5 GW of wind and 6.5 GW of solar. Wind should account for 15.7% of installed capacity in 2030 and solar for 10.5%.
Interactive Chart South Africa Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
South Africa has updated its first NDC. The country aims to limit GHG emissions to 398-510 MtCO2eq in 2025 and to 350-420 MtCO2eq in 2030, while the first NDC initially aimed to limit emissions to 398-614 MtCO2eq in 2025-2030. By comparison to the targets contained in the first NDC (2015), the upper end of the target range in 2030 has been reduced by 32%.
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