South Africa energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive South Africa energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

South Africa energy report
July 2021
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
40 (Report only)

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  • South Africa targets a 29% reduction of energy consumption in 2030 relative to a BaU projection and a 26% share of wind and solar in the installed capacity.
  • Eskom dominates power generation (~90%).
  • The government has approved the creation of the National Petroleum Company of South Africa.
  • Coal still accounts for 87% of power generation, wind and solar for less than 5% (2020).
  • Diesel and gasoline prices have decreased about 25% since 2018.
  • Total energy consumption decreased by 4% in 2020, due the impact of the COVID 19 crisis.
  • In 2020, coal represented 74% of the country's energy consumption.
  • The Integrated Resource Plan (IRP2019) targets the addition of 16 GW of wind and solar by 2030, while reducing the share of coal in the power mix to less than 50%.
  • Several initiatives are taking place in order to develop a green hydrogen economy in South Africa.


largest coal producer and 4th largest exporter in the world


wind and solar in power capacity in 2030 (target)


highest CO2 intensity to GDP (in PPP)


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Department of Mineral Resources and Energy (DMRE) was created in 2019 through the merger of the Department of Energy and the Department of Mineral Resources. The task of the department is to regulate and transform the sector, with the objective of providing secure, sustainable, and affordable energy. The body is also responsible for the promotion and regulation of minerals and mining.

  • Energy Supply


    Coal reserves are estimated at 30 Gt (7th worldwide), and mainly consist of steam coal. Hydrocarbon resources are limited (2.5 Mt of oil reserves and 1.8 bcm of conventional gas reserves). However, the country has potentially huge shale gas resources, estimated to be around 5.7 tcm in 2019, making them the 11th largest shale gas resources in the world.

  • Energy Prices


    The DMRE sets oil product prices through the Basic Fuel Price Formula, which notably includes international oil prices, supply and demand of petroleum products, and the ZAR/US$ exchange rate, as well as domestic factors such as transport costs, taxes, etc. The objective is to ensure the competitiveness of refiners vis-à-vis international competitors.

  • Energy Consumption

    Total energy consumption per capita peaked in 2008 at 2.9 toe per capita and then progressively decreased to 2.1 toe in 2020 (nearly 4 times the average energy consumption per capita in sub-Saharan Africa). Electricity consumption per capita peaked at 4 500 kWh in 2007 before decreasing to 3 500 kWh in 2020 (around 10 times the sub-Saharan average).

  • Issues & Prospects


    The IRP2019 forecasts an electricity consumption growth of between 1.3 and 2%/year until 2030, then between 1.2 and 1.6%/year between 2030 and 2050, depending on the scenario. Coal will represent 44.6% of the country's capacity in 2030, while gas and diesel will account for 16%, wind for 15%, solar PV for 10.5%, and hydropower for 6%.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the South Africa energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 12: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 14: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 15: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 16: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)

List of Tables

In the South Africa energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The South Africa energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the South Africa country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • South Africa Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the South Africa energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The South Africa country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The South Africa country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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