South Africa energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive South Africa energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

South Africa energy report
July 2020

2 files (PDF report, Excel file)

41 (Report only)

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  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Department of Mineral Resources and Energy (DMRE) was created in 2019 through the merger of the Department of Energy and the Department of Mineral Resources. The task of the department is to regulate and transform the sector, with the objective of providing secure, sustainable, and affordable energy. The body is also responsible for the promotion and regulation of minerals and mining.

  • Energy Supply


    Total oil production has been decreasing slightly since 2016 from 5.8 Mt to 5.1 Mt in 2019. It mostly comes from synthetic fuels, as conventional production of crude oil is marginal.

    The country imported 19.4 Mt of crude oil, and 5.1 Mt of petroleum products in 2019.

  • Energy Prices


    Municipalities are in charge of fixing electricity prices. They are based on the "National Retail Tariff Guideline", published by NERSA in 2004, and on the "Municipal Electricity Tariff Guidelines", which are published each year. There is a reduced tariff for the poorest part of the population ("poverty tariff").

  • Energy Consumption

    Total energy consumption per capita peaked in 2009 at 2.8 toe per capita and then progressively decreased to 2.3 toe in 2015. It remained at the same level until 2019.

    Electricity consumption per capita peaked at 4 400 kWh in 2007 before decreasing by 20% to 3 500 kWh in 2019.

  • Issues & Prospects


    The government seeks to diversify its energy supply mix away from coal and to resort to more gas to meet its energy consumption needs, in particular for power generation. New investments in gas infrastructure are, therefore, considered to allow more gas imports and the development of domestic shale gas resources could begin in the short term.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the South Africa energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 12: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 14: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 15: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 16: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the South Africa energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The South Africa energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the South Africa country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • South Africa Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the South Africa energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

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