Singapore Energy Information
Singapore Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -6.0 %/year
Energy independence: 1.81%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 8.72 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 0.97%
* at purchasing power parity
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Singapore Related News
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Singapore Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Total energy consumption per capita is about 5.8 toe (2020), including 8 900 kWh of electricity in 2020.
Total energy consumption increased rapidly from 2010 to 2017 (5.8/year) and has decreased since then (-1.9%/year), reaching 33.1 TWh in 2020.
Oil has a dominant share in the country's total energy consumption, with 70% in 2020. However, its share has fallen due to the increased demand for gas (from 6% in 2000 to 28% in 2010 and stable since then). Biomass and coal use is marginal (2% and 1%, respectively).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Singapore Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
In spite of the absence of oil resources, Singapore is a major oil hub in Asia. It is the world's third largest oil products trading place. Thanks to its geographical position, at the extremity of the Strait of Malacca and on the shipping, routes connecting the Middle Eastern producing countries to the Southeast Asian importing countries, Singapore is a key crossing point for oil trade. Moreover, the country built an artificial island, Jurong Island, entirely dedicated to the oil industry. Singapore is a big refining centre, with a capacity of 1.3 mb/d (end of 2021).
Interactive Chart Singapore Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
In 2019, the government announced a new target of 2 GW of solar PV (on industrial land and roof spaces) by 2030; the previous target of 350 MW by end 2020 was almost met (330 MW reached).
Solar development is supported through the SolarNova programme. The Housing and Development Board (HDB) plans to install PV panels on half of its rooftops in the coming years. The city state also plans to double the floating solar capacity to 160 MW and to add 200 MW of energy storage system (ESS) by 2025. In 2020, the first ESS facility was installed for a test-bed (2.4 MW).
Interactive Chart Singapore Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Singapore ratified the Paris Agreement in 2016. In its first NDC, the country set the target of reducing the GHG emission intensity by 36% from 2005 levels by 2030 (65 MtCo2eq), with an aim of achieving peak emissions around 2030. In 2020, the country submitted an enhanced version of its first NDC, which included nitrogen trifluoride gases (NF3) within the peak emissions ceiling and kept the same reduction target.
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