Singapore energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Singapore energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Singapore energy report
February 2022
2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
28 (Report only)

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  • Singapore has a very competitive energy market.
  • The government targets 2 GW of solar PV and to capture 2 MtCO2/year via CCUS by 2030.
  • Senoko Energy, Tuas Power, and YTL PowerSeraya are the main power generators, with 60% of the total installed capacity.
  • ExxonMobil and Shell dominate refining.
  • SembCorp and Pavillon Gas have ¾ of the gas market.
  • Singapore is a major oil hub in Asia and the world's third largest oil trading place.
  • Natural gas accounts for 95% of the power mix.
  • Gasoline and electricity prices for households are around 3 times higher than in Malaysia.
  • Non-energy uses represent the largest share in the final energy consumption.
  • Oil covers 70% of the country's total consumption, but its share has been decreasing at the expense of gas.
  • Electricity demand is expected to grow by around 3%/year by 2032.
  • The country plans to import up to 4 GW of low-carbon electricity by 2035 from Malaysia and Indonesia.

2 GW

solar PV capacity targeted by 2030


share of gas in the power mix (2020)


share of oil in total energy consumption (2020)


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The energy sector is controlled by the Energy Division (ED) of the Ministry of Trade and Industry. The Energy Division lays down the sector's strategic policy and the country's energy policy. The policy goals are to ensure economic growth, energy security, competitiveness, and sustainable development.

  • Energy Companies


    Although Singapore does not produce any oil domestically, some companies are involved in exploration and production overseas. This includes Singapore Petroleum Company (SPC), a fully owned subsidiary of PetroChina and Kris Energy, with production and exploration permits in five countries.

  • Energy Supply


    Singapore imports natural gas through three gas pipes and one LNG regasification terminal. One 4 km cross-border gas pipe links the country to Malaysia. The second pipeline is the 654 km West Natuna Transportation System pipe, which connects the gas fields of West Natuna in Indonesia to the industrial area of Jurong Island.

  • Energy Prices


    The prices of electricity in the residential and industrial sectors are US$17.1c/kWh and US$14.8c/kWh, respectively (2020). They decreased by around 10% in 2020 with the lower gas prices.

  • Energy Consumption

    Total energy consumption per capita is about 5.8 toe (2020), including 8 900 kWh of electricity in 2020.

    Total energy consumption increased rapidly from 2010 to 2017 (5.8/year) and has decreased since then (-1.9%/year), reaching 33.1 TWh in 2020.

  • Issues & Prospects

    In 2014, the National Climate Change Secretariat (NCCS) released five technology roadmaps to guide the nation in preparing its energy future. The five roadmaps are - Solar Photovoltaic, Carbon Capture and Storage, Green Data Centre, Building Energy Efficiency, and Industrial Energy Efficiency.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Singapore energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption Trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)

List of Tables

In the Singapore energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Singapore energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Singapore country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Singapore Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Singapore energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Singapore country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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