Serbia Energy Information
Serbia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -0.9 %/year
Energy independence: 79.7%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 12.3 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 13.1%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Serbia energy report
Serbia Related News
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Serbia Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Energy consumption per capita amounts to 2.3 toe (20% below the EU average in 2020), including 4 230 kWh of electricity (20% below the EU average, 2020).
Total energy consumption, which declined by 1%/year between 2017 and 2019, grew by 3.4% to 15.8 Mtoe in 2020. It declined by 3%/year between 2004 and 2014, reaching 13 Mtoe, its lowest level since 2000, mainly because of the 2014 floods that cut lignite consumption by 23% in 2014. Energy consumption then rebounded until 2017 (+5/6%/year).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Serbia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
After a period of decline, crude oil production nearly doubled between 2008 and 2013 to 1.2 Mt following the acquisition of NIS by Gazprom. However, it has been declining since then, dipping by 4.4%/year to around 0.9 Mt in 2020. Production covered 25% of domestic oil supply in 2020. Oil fields are located in Vojvodine, in the north of the country.
Interactive Chart Serbia Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The National Action Plan for Renewable Energy (NREAP, 2013) set a target of 27% of renewables in the final energy consumption in 2020 (37% for electricity, 30% for heating and 10% for transport). Serbia missed by 1 point this target, with a share of 26% in 2020 (of which 31% for electricity, 35% for heating, and 1.2% for transport). The draft NECP, including renewable targets by 2030, will be submitted to public consultation in 2022.
Interactive Chart Serbia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Serbia's first NDC aims at cutting GHG emissions by 9.8% in 2030, compared with 1990 levels (target including Kosovo with its coal-fired power plants). As GHG emissions already fell by 22% between 1990 and 2016, this would correspond to a 15% increase over the 2016 level.
In March 2021, Serbia adopted a new Law on Climate Change, aimed at limiting GHG emissions and adapting the healthcare, water management, forestry and agriculture sector to climate change.
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