Kuwait Energy Information
Kuwait Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -8.1 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 19.8 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.96%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Kuwait energy report
Kuwait Related News
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Kuwait Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita consumption is very high, fluctuating around 8.5 toe since 2011 (in the world's top 10 highest), with electricity fluctuating around 15 MWh/capita since 2008 (also in the world's top 10).
Total energy consumption increased sharply from 2014 to 2016 and fluctuated at around 36 Mtoe until 2019. It dropped by 17% in 2020 to around 30 Mtoe. It was previously quite stable between 2008 and 2013 (around 28 Mtoe) and had grown very rapidly between 2000 and 2008 (5.4%/year on average).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Kuwait Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Crude oil production increased by more than 50% between 2000 and 2012, when it reached its peak at 158 Mt. After remaining roughly stable until 2016, it decreased by 7.5% in 2017 and remained stable at around 145 Mt in 2018 and 2019, mainly due to production cuts decided by OPEC. In 2020, production decreased by 10% to 131 Mt and then decreased slightly in 2021 (-1%). Its production represents just less than 10% of total OPEC output.
Interactive Chart Kuwait Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The country set an ambitious goal to generate 15% of its electricity from renewables by 2030, as part of the goals set in its New Vision 2035. Several photovoltaic projects are ongoing; however, no flagship policy has yet been implemented to speed-up the development of renewables.
Interactive Chart Kuwait Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In 2018, Kuwait ratified the Paris agreement. Its updated NDC (October 2021) pledges to cut GHG emissions by 7.4% by 2035, compared to a BAU projection. This would reduce GHG emissions by nearly 11 MtCO2eq to 132 MtCO2eq, corresponding to emissions 54% higher than in 2016 (reference year). Most of the reduction would come from an oil-to-gas substitution in energy production, new CCGT power plants, energy efficiency measures, and renewable projects; the country would also promote carbon capture and storage and mangrove cultivation.
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