Kuwait energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Kuwait energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Kuwait energy report
March 2021
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
27 (Report only)

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  • Kuwait aims to meet at least 15% of its electricity needs from renewables by 2030.
  • MEW controls electricity transmission, distribution, and most of generation through one large IPP.
  • KPC is the only operator in the hydrocarbon sector.
  • Power generation is almost entirely thermal.
  • Oil production has been relatively stable since 2017, while gas production is progressing rapidly.
  • The Government started to cut energy subsidies in 2015.
  • Oil product prices in Kuwait are among the cheapest in the world.
  • Per capita consumption is among the 6th highest in the world.
  • Gas is the main energy source in the energy mix.
  • The country plans to increase its oil capacity by 50% by 2040, which will imply total investments of US$500bn.
  • It also plans to significantly increase its power capacity.


oil production increase since 2010


of power capacity since 2014


yearly growth in power consumption since 2010


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Oil is responsible for overseeing activities related to oil and gas (upstream and downstream).

    The Ministry of Electricity and Water (MEW) is responsible for the electricity sector. It is in charge of tenders in the power sector, as well as development of new energy sources.

  • Energy Companies


    KPC, via its subsidiaries, is also in charge of the entire gas sector.

  • Energy Supply


    Crude oil production increased by more than 50% between 2000 and 2012, when it reached its peak at 158 Mt. After remaining roughly stable until 2016, it decreased by 7.5% in 2017 and remained stable at around 145 Mt, mainly due to production cuts decided by OPEC.

  • Energy Prices


    Prices for road fuels are among the lowest in the world (ranking 4th in 2018) as they are heavily subsidised. In 2015, the government started to remove part of these subsidies.

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita consumption is very high, fluctuating around 8.5 toe since 2011 (the world's sixth highest in 2019 at 8.5 toe), with electricity fluctuating around 12-13 MWh/capita since 2008 (the world's seventh highest in 2019 at 12.9 MWh).

  • Issues & Prospects


    KPC's strategy ambitions to increase its crude oil production capacity to 4 mb/d in 2020 and maintain that level through 2030. A further target of 4.75 mb/d in 2040 has also been expressed, for which KPC plans to invest a total of US$500bn in oil projects, including US$114bn over the next 5 years.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Kuwait energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 7: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 8: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Kuwait energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Kuwait energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Kuwait country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Kuwait Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Kuwait energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Kuwait country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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