Bangladesh Energy Information
2018 Bangladesh Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 7.93 %/year
Energy independence: 82.1%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 0.52 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.40%
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Bangladesh Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Energy consumption per capita is 0.25 toe, including around 410 kWh of electricity (2017).
The country's overall energy consumption is increasing quickly (4%/year since 2010), driven by rapid economic growth (6.7%/year). Its progression, however, is 40% lower than the GDP, resulting in a rapid decrease of its energy intensity (-2.7%/year).
Gas is the main energy source (58%), ahead of biomass (24%) and oil (13%) (2017).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Bangladesh Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Most of the oil is imported, as national production only covers 7% of the country's needs. The imports mainly consist of oil products (close to 79%). Oil product imports have more than doubled since 2000.
The country has a limited refining capacity of 35 500 bbl/d distributed in 2 refineries: Chittagong (33 000 bbl/d, commissioned in 1968) and Mongla (2 500 bbl/d, commissioned in 2013). Domestic production of oil products only covers ¼ of the consumption.
Interactive Chart Bangladesh Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
In the PSMP 2016, the government set a target to reach 2.5 GW of renewable capacity in 2021, and 3.9 GW in 2041. It introduced incentive measures to mobilise the private sector. This target is in line with its NDC target to increase the share of renewables in total power generation to 10% in 2021.
In 2012, the country implemented the Solar and Renewable Energy Association (BSREA), a platform for renewable energy products and businesses. BSREA is working towards the standardisation and quality control of all the renewable energy products and services being sold in Bangladesh.
Interactive Chart Bangladesh Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its National Determined Contributions (NDC), Bangladesh announced it aims to reduce GHG emissions by 40% (48 MtCO2eq) by 2030 compared to a BAU scenario, of which 15% (or 36 MtCO2) assumes international support.
CO2 emissions from energy combustion have risen steadily and have multiplied by almost 2.5 since 2005.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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