Germany Energy Information
Germany Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -5.3 %/year
Energy independence: 34.7%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 5.06 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.25%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Germany energy report
Germany Related News
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Germany Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita consumption is 3.3 toe (2020). Per capita electricity consumption is 5 850 kWh.
Germany is the largest energy consumer in Europe. Total consumption decreased by 1.2%/year between 2016-2019, with a significant drop (-6%) to 275 Mtoe in 2020.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Graph: TOTAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE BY ENERGY (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Germany Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Germany relies on imports for more than 87% of its crude oil supply with a production of 3.2 Mt in 2020. The country imported 83 Mt of crude oil in 2020. In 2020, the country's main suppliers of crude oil are Russia (34% in 2020), the UK (11.5%), and the US (11.2%).
Germany has 12 refineries in operation with a total capacity of 2.1 mb/d. The five biggest refineries are MiRo (298 kb/d), Gelsenkirchen (257 kb/d), Leuna (241 kb/d), Schwedt (232 kb/d), and Ingolstadt (206 kb/d).
Interactive Chart Germany Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
From 2012 to 2019, the consumption of oil products remained relatively flat at around 100 Mt. In 2020, consumption dropped by 8% to 91 Mt due to Covid related travel restrictions.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
More than half of oil products are consumed in transport (57%), followed by the residential sector (17%) and power plants (8%).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Germany Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Natural gas consumption increased by 3.9%/year starting in 2015, to reach 95 bcm in 2019, and then dropped by 2% in 2020.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
In 2020, buildings (residential, services, and agriculture) accounted for 44% of the gas consumption; this is trailed by the industrial (28%) and power sectors (25%), while the latter represented 29% of gas consumption in 2010.
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Germany Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal and lignite consumption decreased by 8%/year between 2015 and 2018. In 2019 it dropped by 22% and in 2020 by another 18%, reaching 138 Mt. This trend is linked to the closure of 9 GW of coal-and lignite fired power plants.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
The power sector absorbs 81% of coal and lignite consumption and industry accounts for 12%.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Germany Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption decreased by 0.6%/year between 2010 and 2019, with an acceleration since 2017 (1%/year over 2017-2019). It dropped by 5% in 2020 to 489 TWh. In 2020, the electricity consumption was 11% lower than in 2010.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh).
Electricity consumption is dominated by industry (41% in 2020), followed by services and the residential sector (26% each).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA), within BMWi, is the agency that funds the development of renewables.
The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) of 2010 sets the share of renewables at 18% of final consumption in 2020 (17% achieved in 2019), of which 15.5% for heating and cooling (14.5% in 2019), 39.8% for electricity (41% in 2019), and 14.3% for transport (7.7% in 2019). The NECP fixed the share of renewables in final consumption at 30% in 2030.
Interactive Chart Germany Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
According to first estimates of the Ministry of Environment, GHG emissions in 2020 were around 41% lower than in 1990. GHG emissions fell by around 9% in 2020 to around 739 MtCO2eq. Previously, they had declined by 1.8%/year since 2010.
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