Germany energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Germany energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2021 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Germany energy report
May 2022
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
49 (Report only)

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  • Following the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Germany has boosted its renewable objective, targeting 80% of renewables in electricity consumption by 2030.
  • The country aims to reduce GHG emissions by 65% in 2030 and to reach carbon neutrality by 2045.
  • All nuclear plants are planned to be shut down in 2022 and the phase out of coal and lignite will be advanced to 2030.
  • Electricity is produced by 4 main historical players, whose structure and activities have evolved significantly in recent years to cope with the coal and nuclear phase out.
  • RWE is the largest power generator and produces half of the country's lignite.
  • The wind and solar capacity reached 122 GW in 2021.
  • The share of renewables in the power mix increased by 27 points between 2010 and 2020 but dropped by 3 points in 2021 to 42%.
  • The coal and lignite fired power capacity has dropped by 32% since 2015 to around 38 GW (6 GW of which in 2021).
  • The average electricity price for households is more than twice as high as the industrial price and 40% above the EU average.
  • Coal and lignite consumption increased by 18% in 2021 as the country switched back from gas due to rising gas prices.
  • Interconnection and transmission projects attract a large part of the investments.
  • Wind represents most of the new power capacity.
  • The conflict between Russia and Ukraine has revived interests in LNG projects.


renewables in power consumption by 2030


in GHG emissions targeted by 2030 (compared to 1990)


increase in coal consumption in 2021


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWK) oversees the country's energy policy and supervises the energy sector.

    The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Nuclear Safety and Consumer Protection (BMU) is responsible for climate policies and the nuclear sector.

  • Energy Supply


    Gas production has been divided by 2.5 since 2010, from 15 bcm to 6 bcm in 2021, corresponding to around 6% of the demand.

    Gas imports increased by 18%/year between 2014 and 2018 to 172 bcm and then decreased by 3% (156 bcm) in 2021. In 2020, Germany was the world's largest importer of gas before China, accounting for nearly 13% of global gas imports.

  • Energy Prices


    On average, the price of electricity for households is more than double the price for industry due to numerous factors, including the rate of energy and network taxes, as well as larger consumers receiving lower rates per unit of energy through economies of scale.

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita consumption is 3.4 toe (2021). Per capita electricity consumption is 6 030 kWh.

    Germany is the largest energy consumer in Europe. Total consumption decreased by 1.2%/year between 2016-2019, with a significant drop (-6%) in 2020. In 2021, total consumption increased by 2.5%, reaching 286 Mtoe.


  • Issues & Prospects


    According to the German Federal Ministry of Economics, electricity consumption is expected to increase by nearly +1%/year over 2018-2030 to 658 TWh.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Germany energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh).
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)

List of Tables

In the Germany energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Germany energy market data since 1990 and up to 2021 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Germany country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Germany Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Germany energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Germany country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Germany country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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