Germany energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Germany energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Germany energy report
May 2021
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
46 (Report only)

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  • Germany intends to reduce GHG emissions by 65% in 2030 and to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 30%.
  • It plans to phase out coal by 2038 and to reach GHG neutrality by 2045.
  • All nuclear plants will be shut down by 2022.
  • The energy market is concentrating: in 2019, RWE and E.ON swapped power assets and the two largest oil producers, Wintershall and DEA, merged.
  • Around 9 GW of coal and lignite capacity has been shut down since 2016.
  • Renewables accounted for 46% of the power mix in 2020 with 115 GW of wind and solar.
  • The average electricity price for households is more than twice as high as the industrial price and 40% above the EU average.
  • Total energy consumption has decreased by 1.2%/year since 2016. The share of renewables is growing continuously (16% in 2019, up from 9% in 2010), while that of coal and lignite consumption decreased by 7 points since 2018.
  • Interconnection and transmission projects attract a large part of the investments.
  • Wind represents most of the new power capacity.
  • Two LNG import plants are planned.


largest energy consumer in Europe


decrease in GHG emissions compared to 1990 by 2030


decrease in coal consumption in 2020


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) oversees the country's energy policy and supervises the energy sector.

    The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMU) is responsible for the climate policies and the nuclear sector.

  • Energy Supply


    Germany relies on imports for more than 87% of its crude oil supply with a production of 3.2 Mt in 2020. The country imported 83 Mt of crude oil in 2020. In 2020, the country's main suppliers of crude oil are Russia (34% in 2020), the UK (11.5%), and the US (11.2%).

  • Energy Prices


    After an 8% decrease between 2013 and 2018, gas prices for households increased by 4% in 2019 and remained stable in 2020. Prices in industry dropped by 13% in 2020. They are highly influenced by international prices considering the large volume of international gas trade.

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita consumption is 3.3 toe (2020). Per capita electricity consumption is 5 850 kWh.

    Germany is the largest energy consumer in Europe. Total consumption decreased by 1.2%/year between 2016-2019, with a significant drop (-6.3%) to 275 Mtoe in 2020.


  • Issues & Prospects


    According to BnetzA's latest Network Development Plan 2019-2030, electricity consumption is expected to decrease by 1% in 2025, compared with 2017. In 2030, net electricity consumption, under the central modelling scenario, should be 3% higher than in 2017.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Germany energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh).
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)

List of Tables

In the Germany energy market report you will find the following tables:

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Germany energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Germany country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Germany Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Germany energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Germany country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Germany country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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