Skip to main content

Saudi Arabia Energy Information

Saudi Arabia Key Figures

Population:
36.4 million
GDP growth rate:
8.74 %/year
Energy independence:
100%

Data of the last year available: 2022

Total consumption/GDP:*
108 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions:
14.7 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses:
9.50%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Saudi Arabia energy report

Saudi Arabia Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Consumption per capita is very high, reaching 6.5 toe in 2022, including about 9.2 MWh of electricity.

Total energy consumption increased by 2.5% to 228 Mtoe in 2022, after remaining stable from 2018 to 2021 a slight decrease Before 2015, it had increased rapidly (4%/year since 2010), driven by high sustained economic growth combined with low energy prices, and slowed down until 2018.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Interactive Chart Saudi Arabia Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Saudi Arabia energy report

Crude Oil Production

Total oil production increased by 14% in 2022 to 578 Mt, of which 90% of crude oil represents (13% of the global production). Over the first 9 months of 2023, production has decreased by 7%. Oil production had previously increased by 24% between 2010 and 2018 (and by 34% since 2000). Saudi Arabia passed Russia in 2022 to become the second largest producer, behind the US.

The OPEC+ production quota for Saudi Arabia has been 10.48 mb/d since November 2022 and will remain at this level in 2024.

Interactive Chart Saudi Arabia Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Renewable in % Electricity Production

A Supreme Committee for Energy Mix Affairs, for Electricity Production and Enabling Renewable Energy was established in 2020 to oversee renewable energy projects.

REPDO, the Renewable Energy Projects Development Office under the Mistry of Energy, oversees the National Renewable Energy Program and regularly calls for bids.

The Saudi Green initiative launched in 2021 set a target of 50% renewables in the power mix in 2030.

Interactive Chart Saudi Arabia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

In its updated NDC (2021), Saudi Arabia set the objective of reducing GHG emissions by 278 MtCO2eq by 2030 compared to 2019 levels (646 MtCO2eq); this doubles the previous target of 130 MtCO2eq reduction by 2030. The NDC also pledged to reach net-zero emissions by 2060.

In addition to the target of 50% renewable in the power mix by 2030, Saudi Arabia wants to develop green hydrogen production, carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS), and to reduce global methane emissions by 30% in 2030, compared to 2020 levels.