Saudi Arabia energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Saudi Arabia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Saudi Arabia energy report
January 2022
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
30 (Report only)

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  • The Saudi Green Initiative has set a target of 50% of renewables in the power mix in 2030.
  • Saudi Aramco is the largest crude oil producer worldwide, with a production of 9.2 mb/d in 2020.
  • SEC owns most of the generation, transmission, and distribution capacities.
  • Oil production has decreased by 10% since 2019.
  • Despite large natural gas resources and growing production, the country does not export gas.
  • Gasoline and diesel prices have been raised substantially since 2014, but are still among the lowest in the world.
  • Electricity prices were significantly increased between 2016 and 2018.
  • The country's energy consumption has been declining slightly since 2015 with the price increases and the economic slowdown.
  • Saudi Aramco will invest over US$100bn to develop unconventional gas production.


oil exporter in the world


of global oil reserves


of renewables in power production by 2030


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy is in charge of the energy sector and all energy policies. The environment is under the responsibility of the Ministry of Environment, Water and Agriculture.

  • Energy Companies


    SEC, Saudi Electric Company (75.1% public, 6.9% Saudi Aramco) was created in 2000 through the merger of the existing regional electricity companies ("SCECOS") with the national electricity production, transport, and distribution company.

  • Energy Supply


    Saudi Arabia has the world's largest conventional oil reserves by far (approximately 298 Gbl at end-2020). More than half of those reserves are concentrated in 8 fields, the most important of which is Ghawar (the largest onshore field in the world with 58 Gbl of reserves, followed by Safaniya, the largest offshore field in the world (37 Gbl).

  • Energy Prices


    Prices are regulated and were frozen between 2000 and 2015. In 2016, the prices for industry were raised by 50% to reach US$4.8c/kWh, while residential prices doubled to US$2.7c/kWh and further increased in 2018 to equal those of the industry sector.


  • Energy Consumption

    Consumption per capita is very high, reaching 5.9 toe in 2020, including about 9.1 MWh of electricity.

  • Issues & Prospects


    Saudi Arabia targets a rapid increase in its gas production, with a focus on an increased penetration of gas in power generation. Saudi Aramco aims to double its gas production in ten years to more than 200 bcm/year by 2030.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Saudi Arabia energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-Energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)

List of Tables

In the Saudi Arabia energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Saudi Arabia energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Saudi Arabia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Saudi Arabia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Saudi Arabia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Saudi Arabia country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Saudi Arabia country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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