Turkmenistan Energy Information
Turkmenistan Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 0.78 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 11.2 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 16.4%
* at purchasing power parity
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Turkmenistan Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita consumption is 4.7 toe, with electricity accounting for around 2 600 kWh in 2020.
Total energy consumption increased rapidly from 2000 to 2015 (4%/year, on average) and has remained stable until 2018; after a progression of 4% in 2019, it dipped by 2% in 2020 to 28 Mtoe. Natural gas represents 77% of that consumption and oil 23%.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Graph: TOTAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE BY ENERGY (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Turkmenistan Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
The country's oil production has decreased by 21% since a peak at 13 Mt in 2015 (10 Mt in 2020).
The country has a refining capacity of 271 kb /d, distributed mainly over 2 refineries (Seydi, 120 kb/d and Türkmenbaşy/Krasnovodsk, 116 kb/d).
The country is a net exporter of oil products. Oil exports decreased sharply after 2015 from 6 Mt to 3 Mt in 2020. They increased rapidly between 2010 and 2015, by 8.4%/year.
Turkmenistan started shipping oil through the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline.
Interactive Chart Turkmenistan Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
In 2021, the Ministry of Energy of Turkmenistan launched the first international tender for the construction of a hybrid renewable power plant (solar and wind) with a capacity of 10 MW.
Interactive Chart Turkmenistan Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In 2016, the country submitted its NDC, but no concrete objective has been proposed.
CO2 emissions from energy combustion almost doubled between 2000 and 2015 and have remained stable until 2019, before decreasing by 2% in 2020 to 67 MtCO2.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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