Bahrain Energy Information

2018 Bahrain Key Figures

Population: 1.55 million
GDP growth rate: 1.78 %/year
Energy independence: 100%

* at purchasing power parity
Total consumption/GDP:* 81.2 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 21.2 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.60%

Bahrain Related News

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Bahrain Related Research

Total Energy Consumption

Per capita energy consumption reached 9.3 toe in 2018, while electricity consumption per capita was 17 MWh.

Total energy consumption has increased slightly since 2014 (0.4%/year) to 14.3 Mtoe in 2018.


Gas supplies 86% of the total energy consumption and oil 14% (2018); those shares have remained relatively stable since 2000.

Interactive Chart Bahrain Total Energy Consumption

More research: Bahrain energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production has remained stable since 2013, with 205 kb/d in 2018; around 75% of the production comes from the Abu Safah field.

The country has a refining capacity of 267 000 bbl/d. Almost all the oil products are exported (around 90%), mainly to South Africa (15%), Japan (14%), South Korea (12%), and Singapore (10%).

Interactive Chart Bahrain Crude Oil Production

More research: EMEA Refineries Dataset

Renewable in % Electricity Production

In 2017, the Electricity and Water Affairs Minister launched the National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP), which revises the previous renewable target to 5% of the public power capacity (i.e. excluding autoproducers) by 2025 and 10% by 2035. This corresponds to a renewables capacity of 255 MW in 2025 and 710 MW in 2035.

Interactive Chart Bahrain Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

According to its NDC, the government of Bahrain has not set a GHG emissions reduction target, but it has launched strategies, plans and actions to contribute to lower GHG emissions.

After rapid growth over 2012-2014 (4.7%/year), the growth of CO2 emissions from energy use slowed down between 2015 and 2018 to 0.6%/year with the slowdown in power generation. In 2018, CO2 emissions from energy use reached 33 MtCO2, almost 3 times the level of 1990 (12 MtCO2 in 1990).


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