Bahrain energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Bahrain energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Bahrain energy report
May 2021
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
27 (Report only)

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  • The share of the hydrocarbon sector in the GDP dropped from 44% in 2000 to 18% in 2019. The country targets 6% of final energy savings and 5% of renewables in the power capacity mix in 2025.
  • IPPs operate around 80% of the public power capacity.
  • Saudi Aramco is the main oil producer.
  • Power generation is 100% based on gas.
  • Autoproducers, mainly in the aluminium sector, have 45% of the capacity.
  • Since 2014, energy prices in Bahrain have increased significantly to conserve public finances. A 5% VAT was introduced in 2019.
  • Energy consumption per capita is among the highest in the world due to the highly developed aluminium and petrochemical industry, which accounts for 60% of the final energy consumption.
  • A CCGT power plant with a capacity of 1.5 GW is expected to be fully commissioned in 2022.
  • A tight oil field, which could hold at least 80 billion barrels, has been discovered in the Khalij Al-Bahrain Basin. Exploitation could start in 2022.


highest total energy consumption per capita


share of gas in the power mix


renewable capacity in power mix by 2035


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    Bahrain is an island nation in the Persian Gulf, located between the Qatar peninsula and the northeastern coast of Saudi Arabia. Bahrain is part of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC): the regional political and economic union comprising six countries of the region (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates).

  • Energy Companies


    The gas exploration and exploitation activities are managed by Banagas, Bahrain National Gas Company(State 75%, Chevron Bahrain 12.5% and K.S.C through Boubyan Petrochemical Company, 12.5%).

    Banagas operates several gas plants to extract propane, butane and naphtha from associated gas extracted from the oil wells and refinery off-gas.

  • Energy Supply


    Gas production increased by 14% in 2019, reaching 17 bcm thanks to the improvement of existing fields and the commissioning by Banagas of a new gas production plant in 2018, which doubled the gas processing capacity.

    Gas production remained stable between 2014 and 2018 at nearly 15 bcm.

  • Energy Prices


    The fall in oil prices since 2014 (and absence of buffers despite the 2016-2018 recovery) has caused a significant deterioration in Bahrain's public finances. Consequently, the government resorted to austerity measures, with several increases in fuel prices over the last 6 years.

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita energy consumption reached 9.7 toe in 2019 (three times higher than the Middle East average and 5 times the global average), while electricity consumption per capita was 21 MWh (5 times the Middle East average and 7 times the global average), due to the aluminium sector.

  • Issues & Prospects


    Bahrain's electricity and water master plan projects that peak demand in summer will almost double from 3.4 GW in 2016 to 6.5 GW in 2030.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Bahrain energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity Prices for Industry and Households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Bahrain energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Bahrain energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Bahrain country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Bahrain Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Bahrain energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Bahrain country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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