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Bahrain energy report

Bahrain energy report
2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
29 (Report only)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Bahrain energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The country targets 6% of final energy savings and 5% of renewables in the power capacity mix in 2025.
  • Autoproducers own around half of the power capacity. IPPs operate around 80% of the public power capacity. Engie is the largest IPP.
  • Saudi Aramco is the main oil producer.
  • Power generation is 100% based on gas.
  • In 2020, the country commissioned its first LNG import terminal.
  • The VAT on oil and gas was reduced from 5% to 0% in January 2022.
  • Energy consumption per capita is among the highest in the world due to the highly developed aluminium and petrochemical industries, which account for 62% of the final energy consumption.
  • Industry also represents nearly half of the electricity consumption.
  • Bahrain targets 200 MW of solar PV by 2025 and 400 MW by 2035.


highest total energy consumption per capita


final energy saving target for 2025.


renewable in power capacity mix by 2035.

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    Bahrain is an island nation in the Persian Gulf, located between the Qatar peninsula and the north-eastern coast of Saudi Arabia. Bahrain is part of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC): the regional political and economic union comprising six countries of the region (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates).

  • Energy Companies


    Nogaholding, the Oil and Gas Holding Company, is the business and investment arm of NOGA.

  • Energy Supply


    The country's proven oil reserves are estimated at 26 Mt (end 2020) and the gas reserves at 81 bcm (end of 2020). The gas reserves dropped in 2020 as the Energy Ministry announced that the Khalij al-Bahrein unconventional basin was deemed uneconomic.

  • Energy Prices


    The fall in oil prices since 2014 (and absence of buffers despite the 2016-2018 recovery) has caused a significant deterioration in Bahrain's public finances. Consequently, the government resorted to austerity measures, with several increases in fuel prices over the last 6 years.

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita energy consumption reached 9 toe in 2020 (three times higher than the Middle East average and 5 times the global average), while electricity consumption per capita was 18 MWh (5 times the Middle East average and 6 times the global average), due to the aluminium sector.

  • Issues & Prospects


    Bahrain's electricity and water master plan projects that peak demand in summer will almost double from 3.4 GW in 2016 to 6.5 GW in 2030.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity Prices for Industry and Households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Bahrain energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Bahrain country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Bahrain Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Bahrain energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Bahrain country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.