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Spain Key Figures

Population:
47.3 million
GDP growth rate:
5.13 %/year
Energy independence:
30.0%

Data of the last year available: 2021

Total consumption/GDP:*
74.1 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions:
4.57 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses:
10.3%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Spain energy report

Spain Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

In 2022, total consumption per capita was 2.4 toe (around 20% lower than the EU average for 2021), including 4 830 kWh of electricity (around 10% over the EU average).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Interactive Chart Spain Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Spain energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production is very low (below 10 kt in 2022). Crude oil imports increased by 8% in 2022 reaching 65.9 Mt. They had increased by 2.7%/year from 2010 to 2018 and fell by 15% in 2020, before increasing again by 4% in 2021. The main suppliers of crude in 2022 were Nigeria (13%), the US and Mexico (10% each), Brazil (8.5%), and Arabia Saudi (7.5%).

Interactive Chart Spain Crude Oil Production

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Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

Oil product consumption rose by 61% to 50 Mt in 2022, after an 8% increase in 2021 and a sharp 15% drop in 2020. Previously, it had been recovering since 2014 (+1.8%/year), after a rapid reduction over 2007-2014.

Of total oil consumption, 59% is absorbed by the transport sector, 12% by the residential and services sector, 5% by industry, and 4% by power plants.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2022, %)

Interactive Chart Spain Refined Oil Products Production

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Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

The country's gas consumption decreased by 3% to 33 bcm in 2022. It is the consequence of lower industrial demand, which was partly offset by a 22% surge in the power sector. It increased by 6% in 2021 after having dropped by 10% in 2020.

Gas consumption surged by 11%/year between 2000 and 2008 with the rapid development of CCGT capacities; it fell by 6%/year until 2014 in the wake of the economic crisis and then recovered until 2019 (+5.5%/year) as gas consumption in the power sector skyrocketed (+13%/year).

Interactive Chart Spain Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Coal consumption increased again in 2022 to 6.5 Mt (+32%), after remaining stable in 2021. It had dropped by 76% between 2018 and 2020, from 21 Mt to 5 Mt.

Around half of the coal and lignite is used for power generation (64% in 2022), followed by industry (27%).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2022, %)

Interactive Chart Spain Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed consumption trends at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Spain energy report

Power Consumption

The country's electricity consumption decreased by 2.3% to 230 TWh in 2022, after a 3.4% increase in 2021 and drops of 6.2% in 2020 and 1.5% in 2019.

Previously, electricity consumption surged between 2000 and 2008 (+3.7%/year), dipped until 2014 (-1.8%/year), and recovered slightly until 2018 (+1.3%/year).

The share of electricity in final energy consumption increased regularly from 18% in 1990 to 22.5% in 2010 and has remained stable since then (23% in 2022).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The target set in the National Action Plan for Renewable Energies (PANER, 2010) for a share of renewables in final energy consumption of 22.7% in 2020 was missed by 1.5 points (21.2% achieved).

Initially, under the NECP 2021-2030, renewables were to cover 42% of final energy consumption in 2030. They were to contribute 74% of power generation by 2030 and 100% in 2050. To reach this target, the government established the following capacity additions: 22 GW of wind, 30 GW of solar PV, 5 GW of CSP, 3.5 GW of pumped-storage, and 800 MW of biomass between 2020 and 2030.

Interactive Chart Spain Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Learn more about renewables in the European Battery Market Analysis

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

GHG emissions increased by 7% in 2021 to 244 MtCO2eq, after a 14% drop in 2020. It declined by 1.6%/year over 2015-2019, as a result of higher renewable power generation and lower coal use. After a 29% fall due to the economic downturn between 2007 and 2013, GHG emissions increased between 2013 and 2015.

According to the NECP 2021-2030, Spain aims to reduce its GHG gas emissions by 32% in 2030 compared to 1990 levels (70% emission reduction in ETS sectors and 43% in other sectors).