Spain energy report
This analysis includes a comprehensive Spain energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
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Institutions & Energy Policy
The Ministry of Ecological Transition (MITECO) coordinates the energy policy through the State Secretariat for Energy. It also covers the environmental and climate policy. An Inter-Ministerial Commission on Climate Change and Ecological Transition attached to MITECO was created in July 2018 to coordinate decision-making related to climate change and energy.
There are 3 large electricity companies: Iberdrola (Qatar Investment Authority 8.69%, Blackrock 5.13%, Norges Bank 3.11%), Endesa (Enel 70%), and Naturgy (former Gas Natural Fenosa, Caixa 20.8%, Rioja 20.4%, infrastructure fund GIP 20.3%, and Sonatrach 4.1%).
Spain has limited oil reserves (25 Mt) and no gas reserves (3.4 bcm) (end of 2019). Shale gas reserves have been estimated at about 1 415 bcm, which would represent at least 39 years of domestic gas demand. Proven coal and lignite reserves reach 1.2 Gt (around 70% of coal).
Residential electricity prices have doubled since 2002 with an acceleration between 2007 and 2012 (+10%/year), explained by the rising weight of feed-in tariffs and attempts by electricity companies to recoup their tariff deficit.
In 2019, total consumption per capita was 2.7 toe (13% lower than the EU average), including 5 100 kWh of electricity (7.5% below the EU average).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Issues & Prospects
According to the baseline scenario presented in the NECP, primary energy consumption would increase marginally (+0.2%/year) between 2015 and 2030, reaching 127 Mtoe in 2030, while final energy consumption would grow slightly faster, by 0.6%/year, to 93 Mtoe in 2030.
- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY COMPANIES
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
Below is a list of the Spain energy market report graphs:
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
- GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
- GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
- GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
- GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
- GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
- GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
- GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
- GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
- GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
- GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
In the Spain energy market report you will find the following tables:
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
- Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.
The Spain energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Spain country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Spain Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Spain energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).
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