Bolivia Energy Information
Bolivia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 2.22 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 1.78 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 12.6%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Bolivia energy report
Bolivia Related News
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Bolivia Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
The country's energy consumption per capita is low but growing, at 0.8 toe in 2019, including 710 kWh of electricity.
Total energy consumption increased rapidly between 2010 and 2018 (4%/year) and decreased in 2019 to 9.2 Mtoe.
Oil accounts for 48% of the country's total energy consumption, gas for 42%, biomass for 7%, and hydro for 3%. The contribution of biomass is falling slightly, as the country tries to increase national access to electricity and shift away from traditional biomass as a cooking and heating fuel.
Interactive Chart Bolivia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
The production of liquid hydrocarbons (crude oil and condensate) has been decreasing since 2014, reaching 2.6 Mt in 2019 (-22%); previously, it had increased very rapidly between 2010 and 2014 (around 10%/year), when it reached a maximum of 3.4 Mt. Crude oil exports are marginal.
Bolivia has 3 operating refineries: Gualberto Villarroel (35 kb/d), Guillermo Elder Bell (24 kb/d), and Oro Negro (3 250 bbl/d). The two largest are operated by Empresa Boliviana de Refinacion.
Interactive Chart Bolivia Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
Bolivia has pledged to increase the share of renewables (including hydro) in the power mix to 79% by 2030 in its NDC.
Interactive Chart Bolivia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Bolivia's NDC includes the eradication of illegal deforestation by 2020 and a 3% increase of forest cover to 540 000 km2 by 2030 (+3% compared to 2010). Those objectives depend on the level of international cooperation and financial support to Bolivia.
CO2 emissions from energy combustion increased very rapidly from 2000 to 2018 (around 7%/year) and then decreased in 2019 to 21 MtCO2, a level over 3 times higher than in 1990. CO2 emissions per capita reached 2 tCO2/cap in 2019, below the average for South America.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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